The Governance of Ex-Indonesian Migrant Workers Empowerment Based on Entrepreneur Skill in Malang

  • Lely Indah Mindarti Universitas Brawijaya
  • Putri Nabila Fakultas Ilmu Administrasi, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang
  • Henny Rosalinda Postgraduate Researcher, Faculty of Science and Health, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth Hampshire
  • Shinta Happy Yustiari College of Public Administration, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan Hubei
Abstract views: 48 , PDF downloads: 32
Keywords: Society Empowerment, Governance, Indonesian Migrant Workers

Abstract

This study aims to understand the process of ex-Indonesian migrant workers’ empowerment through the Productive Migrant Village (Desmigratif) program in Arjowilangun Village. In this study, the writers use a qualitative approach because they want to directly observe the empowerment of ex-Indonesian migrant workers (PMI) in Arjowilangun Village. The research type used in this study is a case study. The data collection techniques are observation, interview, and documentation. Desmigratif program has several focused activities. One of them is to develop productive businesses. These productive business activities aim to help the growth of the entrepreneurship spirit of ex-Indonesian migrant workers and improve their confidence and welfare. The purposes and the main focuses of this study are to know and to decipher as follows: (1) various efforts that are done in the empowerment of ex-Indonesian migrant workers through productive business activities; (2) various factors that can support and detain the effort of ex-Indonesian migrant workers’ empowerment in Arjowi-langun Village. The result of this study shows that Desmigratif Program in Arjowilangun Village has run well. Still, the empowerment process of ex-Indonesian migrant workers in Arjowilangun Village is not yet maximum. It is caused by the lack of capital assistance in productive business activities and the minimum knowledge of ex-Indonesian migrant workers about marketing.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bachtiar, Nasri. “Blue Print Peningkatan Kebijakan Ekspor Jasa Tenaga Kerja Indonesia (TKI) Ke Luar Negri.” In Lokakarya Keternagakerjaan. Sumatera Barat: BAPPEDA Tk I. Provinsi Sumatera Barat, 2004.

BNP2TKI. “Data Penempatan dan Perlindungan PMI Periode Tahun 2018.” Jakarta Selatan, 2018.

Farazmand, Ali. Sound Governance: Policy and Administrative Innovations. Westport: CT: Praeger Publishers, 2004.

Fung, Archon. “Citizen Participation in Government Innovations.” In Innovations in Government. Research, Recognition, and Replication, USA: Institute for Democratic Governance and Innovations y Harvard University, edited by S. Borrins, 52–70. Washington D.C: Brookings Institution Press, 2008.

Huberman, A. Michael, and Johnny Saldana. Qualitative Data Analysis: A Methods Sourcebook. Translated by Rohondi Rohid Tjatep. The SAGE Handbook of Applied Social Research Methods. 3rd ed. USA: UI-Press, 2014.

International Labor Organization. “Training Employment Services Providers on How To Facilitate The Recognition of Skills of Migrant Workers.” Last modified September 1, 2020. https:// www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_protect/---protrav/---migrant /documents/publication/wcms_748722.pdf.

International Labor Organization. “Skills for Migrant Workers.” Last modified June 2, 2021. https://www.ilo.org/skills/areas/skills-for-youth-employment/WCMS_748802/lang--en/index.htm.

International Organization for Migration. “New skills training aims to help returnee migrant workers affected by COVID-19.” Last modified August 15, 2021. https://www.iom.int/news/new-skills-training-aims-help-returnee-migrant-workers-affected-covid-19.

Joseph, Rigaud. “The theory of empowerment: A critical analysis with the theory evaluation scale.” Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment 30, no.2 (2020): 138-157. https://www.tandf online.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10911359.2019.1660294?journalCode=whum20.

Kasmir. Kewirausahaan. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers, 2010.

Mardikanto, T., and P. Soebianto. Pemberdayaan Masyarakat. Bandung: Alfabeta, 2015.

Michels, Ank, and Laurens De Graaf. “Examining Citizen Participation: Local Participatory Policy Making and Democracy.” Local Government Studies 36, no. 4 (2010): 477–91. https://doi.org/ 10.1080/03003930.2010.494101.

Nuraeni, Yeni. “Pembangunan Desa Migran Produktif (Desmigratif) Dengan Pendekatan Perencanaan Secara Holistik, Temanik, Integratif, dan Spasial. ” Jurnal Ketenagakerjaan 16, no. 1 (2021): 29-47. https://journals.kemnaker.go.id/index.php/naker/article/ view/90.

Republik Indonesia. Instruksi Presiden Republik Indonesia Nomor 4 Tahun 1995 Tentang Gerakan Nasional Memasyarakatkan dan Membudayakan Kewirausahaan (1995).

Kementerian Ketenagakerjaan Republik Indonesia. Keputusan Menteri Ketenagakerjaan Republik Indonesia Nomor 59 Tahun 2017 tentang Desa Migran Produktif (2017).

Kementerian Ketenagakerjaan Republik Indonesia. Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 18 Tahun 2017 Tentang Pelindungan Pekerja Migran Indonesia (2017).

Rusyan, Tabrani. Manajemen Pengembangan Desa Produktif. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara, 2018.

Shabira, Muhammad Umar. Ar-Ru`yah Al-Islamiyah Lil Tanmiah Fi Dhu`i Maqashid as-Syariah. Jeddah: Majmuah Bank al Islamy, n.d.

Shihab, M.Quraish. Membumikan Al-Qur’an: Fungsi dan Peran Wahyu Dalam Masyarakat. Bandung: Mizan, 2004.

Tholen, Berry. “Citizen Participation and Bureaucratization: The Parti-cipatory Turn Seen through a Weberian Lens.” International Review of Administrative Sciences 81, no. 3 (September 14, 2015): 585–603. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020852314548152.

United States Department of State Publication Office. “Trafficking in Persons Report June 2020.” Last modified June 1, 2021. https:// www.state.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/2020-TIP-Report-Complete-062420-FINAL.pdf

Widjaja, A.W. “Pemerintahan Desa/Marga Berdasarkan UU. No. 22 Tahun 1999 Tentang Pemerintah Daerah.” Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada, 2003.

Wirasasmita, Yuyun. Komunikasi Bisnis dan Profesional. Bandung: Remaja Rosda Karya, 2010.

Published
2022-06-20
How to Cite
Mindarti, Lely Indah, Putri Nabila, Henny Rosalinda, and Shinta Happy Yustiari. 2022. “The Governance of Ex-Indonesian Migrant Workers Empowerment Based on Entrepreneur Skill in Malang”. Karsa: Journal of Social and Islamic Culture 30 (1), 55-76. https://doi.org/10.19105/karsa.v30i1.2639.
Section
Articles