MARITAL RAPE DALAM AL-QUR’AN:

Analisis Fungsi Interpretasi J.E Gracia dalam QS. Al-Baqarah (2): 222-223 dalam Tafsir Al-Azhar Karya Hamka

  • Rofiatul Windariana UIN Sunan Kalijaga
Abstract views: 436 , PDF downloads: 321
Keywords: Marital Rape, Al-Qur’an, Interpretasi, Jorge J.E Gracia, Hamka

Abstract

Marital rape is understood as an act of rape within a marriage. In Islamic law, the issue of coercion in sexual relations receives less attention due to the domination of patriarchy and a lack of understanding of religion, especially the existence of interpretations that are still gender-biased. The verse that is often used as legitimacy for ownership of women's bodies is Qs. Al-Baqarah (2): 222-223. Although this action has been given legal punishment in the legal system, analysis of this verse's interpretation is insufficient to become a starting point in producing the antithesis of an understanding that tolerates it. Through the interpretation function theory of Jorge J.E Gracia as a hermeneutical foundation, this study seeks to examine Hamka's relevant interpretation in Tafsir Al-Azhar to obtain alternative understandings that are relevant to today's context. Interpretation of Al-Azhar is considered relevant as a representation of interpretation which is closely intertwined with Indonesian sosial culture so it is possible to examine this phenomenon through different contexts of revelation and interpretation as well as the implications of the meanings of both related to the phenomenon of marital rape. Through this method, the conception offered by Hamka begins to focus on sosial aspects and shows significant differences between the context of revelation and the context of interpretation regarding the roles of husband and wife, as well as the relationship between the two.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdul Aziz Muhammad Azzam, and Abdul Wahhab Sayyed Hawwas. Fiqh Munakahat: Khitbah, Nikah Dan Talak. Jakarta: Amzah, 2015.

Al-Naysaburi, Ali bin Ahmad Al-Wahidi. Asbab Al-Nuzul. Kairo: Maktabah wa Mathba’ah Al-Manar, 1968.

Al-Qur’an, Lajnah Pentashihan Mushaf. “Asbabun Nuzul: Kronologi Dan Sebab Turun Wahyu Al-Qur’an.” Edited by Muchlis M. Hanafi. Jakarta: Badan Litbang dan Diklat Kementrian Agama RI, 2017.

Alviyah, Avif. “METODE PENAFSIRAN BUYA HAMKA DALAM TAFSIR AL-AZHAR.” Ilmu Ushuluddin, 12, no. 1 (2016).

Darussamin, Zikri, and Armansyah. “Marital Rape Sebagai Alasan Perceraian Dalam Kajian Maqashid Syari’ah.” Al-Ahwal: Jurnal Hukum Keluarga Islam 12, no. 1 (n.d.): 84–98.

Fakhira, Sheila, and Rifqi Awati Zahra. “Membaca Marital Rape Dalam Hukum Keluarga Islam Dan Rancangan Undang-Undang Penghapusan Kekerasan Seksual (P-KS).” Ijtihad 37, no. 2 (2021): 16.

Ghofur, Saiful Amin. Profil Para Mufasir Al-Qur’an. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Insan Madani, 2007.

Hamka. Tafsir Al-Azhar. 1st ed. Singapura: Pustaka Nasional PTE LTD, 1989.

———. Tafsir Al-Azhar. 2nd ed. Singapura: Pustaka Nasional PTE LTD, 1989.

Jorge E. Gracia. A Theory of Textuality. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1995.

M. Irfan Syafiuddin. “Konsepsi Marital Rape Dalam Fikih Munakahat.” Al-Ahkam 3, no. 3 (2018).

M. Munawan. “Critical Discourse Analysis Dalam Kajian Tafsir Al-Qur’an: Studi Tafsir Al-Azhar Karya Hamka.” Tajdid 25, no. 2 (2018).

Maimun, and Mohammad Thoha. Perceraian Dalam Bingkai Relasi Suami-Istri. Pamekasan: Duta Media, 2017.

Muh. Irham, Hartini Tahir, and Istiqamah. “Tinjauan Hukum Islam Tentang Marital Rape Dalam Rumah Tangga Terkait Rancangan Undang-Undang Hukum Pidana.” QaḍāuNā 3 (December 2021).

Munthe, Saifuddin Herlambang. Studi Tokoh Tafsir Dari Klasik Hingga Kontemporer. Pontianak: IAIN Pontianak Press, 2018.

Rahman, Mujibur. “Minangkabau-Jawa: Dialektika Dua Kebudayaan Dan Identitas Budaya.” Melayuonline.Com.

Romziana, Lutviyah. “Pernikahan Lintas Agama: Studi Perbandingan Antara Tafsir Al-Misbah Dan Tafsir Al-Azhar.” Revelatia: Jurnal Ilmu Al-Qur’an dan Tafsir 2, no. 1 (2021): 15.

Sahiron Syamsuddin. Hermeneutika Dan Pengembangan Ulumul Quran. Yogyakarta: Pesantren Nawasea Press, 2009.

———. “Hermeneutika Jorge J.E. Gracia Dan Kemungkinan Dalam Pengembangan Studi Dan Penafsiran Al-Qur’an.” In Upaya Integrasi Hermeneutika Dalam Kajian Qur’an Dan Hadis: Teori Dan Aplikasi, edited by Sahiron Syamsuddin, 144–145. Yogyakarta: Lembaga Penelitian UIN Sunan Kalijaga, 2011.

———. “Interpretasi.” In Pemikiran Hermeneutika Dalam Tradisi Barat: Reader, edited by Al-Mirzanah, 137–137. Yogyakarta: Lembaga Penelitian UIN Sunan Kalijaga, 2011.

Susilo. “Islamic Perspective on Marital Rape.” Jurnal Media Hukum 20, no. 2 (2013): 322–322.

Syukur. Mediasi Perkara KDRT (Kekerasan Dalam Rumah Tangga): Teori Dan Praktek Di Pengadilan Indonesia. Bandung: Mandar Maju, 2011.

Yusno Abdullah Otta. “Madinah Dan Pluralisme Sosial (Studi Atas Kepemimpinan Rasulullah Saw).” Jurnal Al-Syir’ah 8, no. 2 (2010): 485.

Yusrita Yanti. “Peran Dan Kedudukan Perempuan Dalam Kebudayaan Minangkabau.” Bunghatta.Ac.Id.

Published
2022-11-30
Section
Articles