Polygamy Marriage: Legal Culture, Optional Political Identity And Marital Status Dilemma (A Case Study in Pekalongan)

Shinta Dewi Rismawati, Muhammad Abral Bin Abu Bakar

Abstract


Polygamy allowed but with strict conditions. In this paper, I argue that the legal culture of polygamous marriage perpetrators is not solely influenced by the tight laws on polygamy but also other non legal factors, diverse legal cultures which directly affect on the diverse legal status of the perpetrators and children born in the marriage. Therefore, the paper scrutinized why the actors’ legal culture in carrying out their polygamy marriage were negative and how the legal status and implications of the polygamous marriages to the marriages held by themselves and their children. The research method of social legal studies was used as the approach. The findings and analysis show how hard the actors met the requirements of the legal provisions on polygamy which are only one reason to justify it. In other hand, it was found that the non-legal dimensions were very complex and also influential so that the legal culture was negative. Consequently, polygamous marriage in siri was a political choice of their lives. It has the implications on the legal status of polygamous marriages and the perpetrators. The marital status is deemed to exist when the marriage is performed officially; and it is considered non-existent when the marriage is performed in siri. Polygamous marriage also has an impact on the legal status of the husband, his second wife, and their children in the family.

 



 


 



Keywords


Legal Culture; Legal Implications; Polygamy Marriage; Siri Marriage; Optional Political Identity

References


Anshary M., MK. Hukum Perkawinan Di Indonesia. Jakarta : Pustaka Pelajar, 2010.

Bauman, Z. Identity in the globalising world. Social anthropology, 9(2), 2001.

Brooks, The Problem of Polygami, Philosophical Topics, Vol. 37, No. 2, Global Gender Justice, 2009.

Choirin, Nur Y.D. Menyoal Ijin Poligami bagi PNS, Journal Yin Yang. Pusat Studi Gender STAIN Purwokerto, Vol.5 No.2 Jul-Des, 2010.

Depag RI, Kompilasi Hukum Islam di Indonesia, Direktorat Jendral Pembinaan Kelembagaan Agama Islam : Jakarta, 1999.

Dickson, C. Marriage and Family Problems.West Publishing Company : Metropolis, 2007.

Douglas, Anne Carol. Love and Politics. Radical Feminist and Lesbian Theories. San Fransisco : ISM Press, 1990.

E. Karl, "Legal culture and transformative constitutionalism," Journal on Human Rights South African , No. 14. Vol. 1, 1998.

Faisal. Memahami Hukum Progresif. Yogyakarta : Thafa Media, 2014.

Friedman, Lawrence M. The Legal System A Social Science Prespektif, New York : Russel Sage Foundation, 1975.

Friedman, Lawrence, M.“Legal Culture and the Welfare State”, dalam Macaulay, Stewart., Friedman, Lawrence, M. dann Stookey, John. Law and Society Reading on the Social Study of Law. New York London : W.W. Norton and Company, 1995.

Fuller, Lon, L. Anatomy of Law. New York : The American Library, 1969.

Giddens, Anthony. Runway World : Bagaimana Globalisasi Merombak Kehidupan Kita, Jakarta : Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2001.

Giddens, Anthony. The Consequence of Modernity, Cambridge : Poilty Press Ltd, 2004.

Hadikusuma, Hilman. Hukum Perkawinan Indonesia Indonesia, Hukum Adat, Hukum Agama, Cetakan IV, Bandung : Mandar Maju, 2011.

Hart, H.L.AThe Consept of Law. Oxford : Oxford University, 1961.

Horowitz, A. Sons and Daughters as Cargivers to Older Parents : Differences in Role Performences and Consequences. Journal The Gerontologist. Volume 25. Issue 6, 1985.

Irianto, Sulistyowati dkk (editor). Kajian Socio Legal. Jakarta : Pustaka Larasan, 2012.

Irianto, Sulistyowati. Perempuan Diantara Berbagai Pilihan Hukum. Jakarta : Yayasan Obor Indonesia, 2003.

Jackson, Stevi dan Sue, Scoot.“Sexual Skirmishes and Feminist Faction”’ dalam Feminism and Sexuality : A Reader. New York : Columbia University Press. 1996.

Jalil, Mukti Ali. Tinjauan Sosio-Filosofis Urgensi Pemberian Izin Poligami Di Pengadilan Agama. Downloaded from http://www.pa-bengkalis.go.id/images/stories/berita/Data/Tinjauan-poligami.pdf. In 11 August 2017

Karim, Erna.“Pendekatan Perceraian Dalam Prespektif Sosiologi”, tulisan dalam Buku Bunga Rampai Sosiologi Keluarga, Penyunting T.O. Irhomi. Jakarta : Yayasan Obor Indoensia, 2004.

Kinasih, Sri Endah Perkawinan Kontrak di Masyarakat Kalisat. Jurnal Perempuan No. 29. Mei, 2003.

Kolibonso, Rita Serena. Diskriminasi itu Bernama Kekerasaan Terhadap Perempuan. Jurnal Perempuan 45, 2006.

Kompas, Poligami Award : Di Antara Dukungan dan Tantangan. 28 Juli 2003. Downloaded from http ://www.kompas.com/gayahidup/news in 11 August 2017

Lev, Daniel S. Hukum Dan Politik Di Indonesia. Jakarta : Lembaga Penelitian, Pendidikan dan Penerangan Ekonomi dan Sosial (LP3ES), 2000.

Ma’shum, A.M. M. Khafidz. Persepsi dan Perilaku Ulama Pesisir Terhadap Bank Syariah (Studi Terhadap Pembentukan Persepsi dan Perilaku Utama Terhadap Bank Syariah Di Pekalongan). Disertasi. Yogyakarta : UIN Sunan Kalijaga, 2017.

Macaulay, Stewart. "Popular legal culture: An introduction." The Yale Law Journal 98.8, 1989.

Macine, Zein dan Stanley d. Eitzen. Diversity in Families. Edisi ke 2. New York : Harper-Collin, 1990.

Mc. Michael, Philip. Development and Social Change : A Global Prespective, Pine Forge Press, California, 2000.

Mohammad Hasib Membentuk Hukum Yang Bermoral Dan Beradab (Memaknai Kembali Ideologi Pancasila Dalam Perspektif Hukum Islam), Ahkam Jurnal Hukum Islam IAIN Ponorogo, Vol. 5, No. 2, November, 2017.

Monroe, K. R., & Epperson, C. " But What Else Could I Do?" Choice, Identity and a Cognitive-Perceptual Theory of Ethical Political Behavior, Political Psychology, 1994.

Munti, Ratna, Batara. Demokrasi Keintiman Seksualitas di Era Global. Yogyakarta : Lkis, 2005.

Mursalin, Supardi. Menolak Poligami Studi Tentang UU Perkawinan dan Hukum Islam. Yogyakarta : Pustaka Pelajar, 2007.

Nelken, David, “Using the concept of legal culture”, No. 29: 1, Austl. J. Leg. Phil., 2004.

Nurhayati. “Kontroversi Poligami”.Tempo, XXXV No. 42, Desember, 2006.

Nurmila, Nina. Women, Islam and Everyday Life: Renegotiating Polygamy in Indonesia. London and New York : Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, 2009.

Poerwanti, Kristi. Ilusi Poligami. Jurnal Perempuan. No. 31. September, 2003.

Rahardjo, Satjipto. Sisi-Sisi Hukum Di Indonesia. Jakarta : Penerbit Kompas, 2003.

Rahmawati, Rita Teologi Buruh : Agama dan Sikap Pasrah Perempuan Buruh Sanggan Batik. Jurnal Penelitian. Vol. 11. No. 2. P3M STAIN Pekalongan, November , 2014.

Ramulyo, M. Idris Suatu Perbandingan Antara Ajara Syafii dan Wasiat Wajib Di Mesir Tentang Pembagian Harta Warisan Menurut Islam. Majalah Hukum dan Pembangunan, Nomor 2 Tahun XII, 2000.

Reyneta, Vony Kebijakan Poligami : Kekerasan Negara Terhadap Perempuan. Jurnal Perempuan. No 31. September, 2003.

Rich, Adrienne.“Compulsory Heterosexualilty and Lesbian Existence”, dalam Stevi Jackson (ed), Feminism and Sexuality : A Reader. New York : Columbia University Press, 1996.

Rismawati, Shinta Dewi. Konstruksi Hukum Perkawinan Poligami di Indonesia (Prespektif Hukum Feminis), Vol. 9 No. 2, Desember, 2017.

Rismawati, Shinta Dewi. Persepsi Poligami Di Mata Perempuan Kota Pekalongan. Jurnal Muwazah. Vol. 6 No. 2, Edisi Desember, 2014.

Robin, Cohen dan Paul Kennedy. Global Sociology. London : Maxmillan Press Ltd., 2000.

Rumadi. “Momentum Reformasi Hukum Keluarga”. Koran Tempo, (Jakarta). Edisi Rabu 13 Desember, 2006 .

Sainul, Urgensi Pencatatan Nikah Dalam Perundang-undangan Indonesia. http://download.portalgaruda.org/article.php?article=298364&val=6795&title=Urgensi Pencatatan Nikah Dalam Perundang-Undangan Di Indonesia in 11 August 2017

Setiawati, Effi. Pengalaman Perempuan dalam Menjalani Kehidupan Perkawinan Nikah Siri, Studi Kasus di Kecamatan Sumbersari Kabupaten Jember Jawa Timur, Jurnal Perempuan, Menimbang Poligami. No. 31, 2003.

Sofiani, Triana. Perilaku Curang dalam Transaksi Bisnis Batik Di Kota Pekalongan, The 3rd University Research Colloquium, Surakarta : UMS, 2016.

Suhanah dan FauziahKawin Kontrak di Kawasan Puncak Bogor, Jurnal Multikultural dan Multireligius. Vol x, No 4. Jakarta : Puslitbang Kehidupan Keagamaan Badan Litbang dan Diklat Kementerian Agama RI, 2011.

Suhardana, F.X. Hukum Perdata I, Jakarta : PT Prenhallindo, 2001.

Sundari, Eva, Kusuma. Perempuan Menguggat. Yogyakarta : Lappera Pustaka Utama, 2004.

Suparlan, Parsudi. Sistem Kekerabatan, Keluarga dan Peranan Pria Dalam Keturunan. Berita Antropologi. Th XIII. No 46 April- Juni, 1989.

Tamanaha, Brian, Z. Realistic Socio Legal Theory: Pragmatisme and A Social Thoery of Law. Oxford : Oxford University, 1997.

Trigiatno, Ali . Ijin Poligami Di Kota Pekalongan. Jurnal Penelitian. Vol 5 Nomor 1. 2013.

W., Katkovsky and Garlow, L. The Psychology of Adjustment and Competence. USA : Winthrop Publishers Inc., 1986.

Warassih, Esmi. Penelitian Hukum Interdispliner Sebuah Pengantar Menuju Sosio-Legal. Yogyakart :Thafa Media, 2016.

Wardoyo, PuspoPoligami : Kiat Sukses Beristri Banyak (Pengalaman Puspo Wardoyo Bersama 4 Istri. Solo : Bumi Wacana, 2003.

Wibowo, Brigitta Agni. Relasi Kuasa Dalam Komunikasi Keluarga Poligami, (Analisis Kualitatif Terhadap Keluarga dengan Relasi Pernikahan Poligami pada Masyarakat Muslim di Kota Pekalongan), diunduh dari http://e-journal.uajy.ac.id/284/1/0KOM03630.pdf in 11 August 2017

Wignosoebroto, Soetandyo. Hukum, Paradigma dan Dinamika Masalahnya. Jakarta : Elsam, 2002.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19105/al-lhkam.v14i2.2396

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Published by :

The Islamic Law Researcher Association (APHI) collaboration with Faculty of Sharia IAIN Madura

Office:
Faculty of Sharia IAIN Madura
Asemanis Dua, Larangan Tokol, Tlanakan, Kabupaten Pamekasan, Jawa Timur, Indonesia 69371. Phone: (0324) 332551


View My Stats

Lisensi Creative Commons

Al-Ihkam: Jurnal Hukum  dan Pranata Sosial is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License


Indexed by:


Read more indexing


copyright©AL-IHKAM : Jurnal Hukum dan Pranata Sosial

Flag Counter