Manâfidu al-Muharramât ilâ Muntijâti al-Halâl: “Dirâsah Tahlîliyah fî Dhaw’i Ma’âyir Majma’ al-Fiqh al-Islâmî al-Dawlî wa al-Ma’âyir al-Mâlayziah”

  • Ahmed Salem Libyan Authority for Research, Science, and Technology
  • Muhammad Taufiq State Islamic Institute of Madura (IAIN Madura), Pamekasan, Indonesia
Abstract views: 97 , PDF downloads: 56
Keywords: Istihalah, Istihlakh, Darura, Umum Al-Balwa, Halal, Haram

Abstract

This paper examines the changing process of unlawful (haram) materials into a lawful (halal) product according to both International Islamic Fiqh Academy standard and Malaysian standard. To harmonize those two halal standards on certain products, the subdiscipline of fiqh which determines lawful product standardization has put some fundamental sharia laws to clearly distinguish between halal and haram. The changing process is based on so called istihalah, referring to the merge among halal and haram and istihlak or possibility to take rukhshah (legal relief) and easiness to cope with any difficult condition using darurat (emergency causes) and umum al-balwa (common disaster). However, critical points of the standardization method need to well described, mainly on its composition based on shariah rules of halal product. The discussion covers difference opinions on the sharia law to the weak political policy on the Islamic law arrangement for halal product standardization that it is recommended to consider clear and more careful concepts (instead of istihalah, istihlak, darurat and umum al-balwa) in formulating the law.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Ahmed Salem, Libyan Authority for Research, Science, and Technology

Libyan Authority for Research, Science, and Technology

Muhammad Taufiq, State Islamic Institute of Madura (IAIN Madura), Pamekasan, Indonesia

Faculty of Sharia, State Islamic Institute of Madura (IAIN Madura) and Ph.D. (Cand.) International Islamic University Malaysia, IIUM Jalan Gombak Kuala Lumpur

References

Abdurrahman Ben Naser Ben Al-Sa’dy. Taysir al-Karem al-Rahman fi Tafsir Kalami al-Minan. Al-Muassah al-Risalah, 2000.

Abdurrahman. Syahadatu al-Halal fi Qithai Shina’ati al-Muntijati al-Zira’iyah. Muntada al-Buhus al-Iqtishadiyah al-Zira’iyah. Ishdaru 34, No. 1, July 2006.

Abu Al-Mudzhar Mansur Bin Muhammad Bin Al-Jabbar Al-Sam’ani. Qawathi’ al-Adillah fi al-Ushul. Vol 1, Beirut: Dar el-Kotob el-Ilmiah.

Abu Malik Kamal Bin Sayyid Salim. Fiqh al-Sunnah li al-Nisa’.

Ahmadi Miru. Ahkam Dhamanu al-Mustahlek. Jakarta: Syirkat Raja Grafindo Persada, 2008.

Al-Jurjani, Ali Ben Muhammad Ben Ali. Tahqiq Ibrahim Al-Bayri, Beirut: Dar al-Kotob al-Araby. Vol. 1, 1405.

Al-Qanun Raqm 33 Sanah 2014 AD fi Sya’ni Dhaman al-Muntij al-Halal.

Al-Shabuni, Muhammad Ali. Shafwatu al-Tafasir. Beirut: Dar el-Fikr, Vol. 1.

Al-Wizarah li Al-Syuun al-Diniyah. Irsyadat Shahadat al-Halal. Jakarta: Al-Wizarah li al-Syuun al-Diniyah, 2003.

Grinda, Wakalah Fahs al-Ghida’ wa al-Dawa’ wa al-Aghdiyah – Adwa Majlis al-Ulama’ al-Indunisi. Min Syahadati al-Halal Ila Ilshaqiha. Jakarta: Pustaka Jurnal Halal, 2008.

Hakim, Luqman. Dissecting the contents of law of Indonesia on Halal Product Assurance, Indonesia Law Review. (January-April 2015)

Ibn Al-Araby, Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Abdullah. Ahkam al-Qurani. Beirut: Dar Al-Fikr, Vol. 2.

Ibn Katsir, Abu al-Fida’ah Ismail Ben Umar. Tafsir al-Quran al-Adzim. Vol 1, Dar el-Thaibah, 1999.

Majlis Ulama Indonesia. Nidzam wa Ijra’ Ishdari Fatwa al-Muntijadi al-Halal, Jakarta.

Masyru’ al-Marafiq wal Baniyah al-Tahiyah Li Muntijati al-Halal, Al-Idarah al-‘Ammah Li Irsyadi al-Mujtama’ wa Tanfidz al-Haj. Al-Irsyadat al-Faniyah li Nidzami Intaji al-Halal. Jakarta: Al-Wazirah li al-Syuun al-Diniyah, 2003.

Muhammad Ruwas Qal’aji wa Muhammad Sadiq Qanuni. Mu’jam Lughatu al-Fuqaha’. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, Vol. 1, 1985.

Nafis, M Cholil. “Damânu Muntijah Al-Halâl Li Himayati Huqûq Al-Mustahlikîn.” AL-IHKAM: Jurnal Hukum & Pranata Sosial 15, no. 2 (2020): 301–26.

Nasution. Ahkam Dhamanu al-Mustahlikin: Muqaddimah. Jogjakarta: 2001.Mawardi, Imam. “Islamic Law and Imperialism: Tracing on The Development of Islamic Law In Indonesia and Malaysia.” AL-IHKAM: Jurnal Hukum & Pranata Sosial 13, no. 1 (2018): 1. https://doi.org/10.19105/al-ihkam.v13i1.1583.

Nafis, M Cholil. “Damânu Muntijah Al-Halâl Li Himayati Huqûq Al-Mustahlikîn.” AL-IHKAM: Jurnal Hukum & Pranata Sosial 15, no. 2 (2020): 301–26.

Qarar Wazirah al-Syuun al-Diniyah, Raqm 519 ‘Am 2001 Tarikh 30 Min November 2001 M. Bi Sya’ni Al-Wakalah al-Munfidzah li Hukumati al-Aghdiyah al-Halal.

Qarar Waziru al-Din, Raqm 982 ‘Am 2019. Bisya’ni Khadamat Syahadati al-Halal.

Riyaz, Khudri. Intaj al-Tha’am al-Halal. Florida: 2004.

https://www.moeslimchoice.com/read/2019/12/06/29978/kemenag-terbitkan-kma-982-tentang-layanan-sertifikasi-halal

https://bisnis.tempo.co/read/1060737/2020-penduduk-ri-tembus-271-juta-orang-bps-sensus-kian-berat/full&view=ok

https://databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2019/09/24/berapa-jumlah-penduduk-muslim-indonesia

Published
2021-06-27
Section
Articles