Al-Manhâj al-Fiqhî ‘Inda Jamâ’ah “Muassah al-Da’wah al-Islâmiyah al-Indûnîsiyah” (Lembaga Dakwah Islam Indonesia) wa Âtsâruhu Fî Istinbâth al-Ahkâm al-Syar’iyyah

  • Moh. Abdul Kholiq Hasan Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Mas Said Surakarta
  • Iskandar Dzulkarnain Universitas Islam Indonesia Yogyakarta
  • Muh. Nashirudin Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Mas Said Surakarta
Abstract views: 226 , PDF downloads: 85
Keywords: LDII, Fiqh Manhaj, Manqul, Law Istinbath

Abstract

Indonesian Islamic Da’wa  Institution or Lembaga Dakwah Islam Indonesia (LDII) tends to embrace exclusivity and takfiri ideology. Though the group denied the claim, evidences from their fiqh manhaj foundation said the opposite. Employing library research method in descriptive qualitative fashion, this article attempts to address this issue by revealing the fiqh manhaj LDII employs and its influences over the legal decisions LDII takes. Content analysis in tandem with document triangulation and structured interviews was applied to investigate the textual references LDII uses. The findings indicate that LDII employs a fiqh manhaj called manqul, knowledge transmission centered around LDII founder – Nur Hasan ‘Ubaidah. This manhaj is influential for LDII in issuing legal decisions which tend to be exclusive and takfiri. In some cases, the fiqh manhaj of LDII was considered to be contradictory against ahlus sunnah fiqh manhaj which embraces openness and non-takfiri ideology.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abû al-Hasan Muslim al-Naisâbûrî. Shahîh Muslim. Bairut, Libanon: Dâr al-Jail, n.d.

Al-‘Anzi, ‘Abdullâh. Taisîr ‘Ilm Ushûl Al-Fiqh. Bairut, Libanon: Muassasah ar-Rayyân, 1997.

Al-‘Asqalâni, Ibn Hajar. Tahdzîb At-Tahdzîb. India: Dâ’irah al-Ma’ârif al-Nidzâmiyyah, 1326.

Al-‘Iraqî, Zain al-Dîn Abd al-Rahîm. Tharh Al-Tatsrîb Fî Syarh Al-Taqrîb. Egypt: Dâr al-Fikr al-‘Arabî, n.d.

Al-’Asqalânî, Ibn Hajar. Fath Al-Bârî. Bairut, Libanon: Dār al-Ma’rifah, 1379.

Al-’Irâqî, Zain al-Dîn. Al-Taqyîd Wa Al-Idhâh Syarh Muqaddimah Ibn Al-Shalâh. Edited by ’Abd Al-Rahmân Muhammad Ustmân and Muhammad ’Abd Al-Muhsin. al-Madînah al-Munawwarah, Saudi Arabia: al-Maktabah al-Salafiayyah, 1969.

Al-Baghdâdî, Al-Khathîb. Al-Kifâyah Fî ’Ilm Al-Riwâyah. Edited by Abu Abdullâh Al-Surqî and Ibrâhîm Hamdî al-Madanî. al-Madînah al-Munawwarah, Saudi Arabia: al-Maktabah al-’Ilmiyyah, n.d.

Al-Bukhâri. Al-Jâmi’ Al-Shahîh. Kairo, Mesir: Dâr al-Sya’b, 1987.

Al-Dârimî. Sunan Al-Darimî. Bairut, Libanon: Dâr al-Kitâb al-‘Arabî, 1407.

Al-Maqdisi, Ibn Qudâmah. Raudhah Al-Nâdzir Wa Jannah Al-Manâdzir Fî Ushûl Al-Fiqh. Bairut, Libanon: Muassasah ar-Rayyân, 2002.

Al-Mâwardi. Al-Ahkâm Al-Sulthâniyyah. Kairo: Dâr al-Syurûq, n.d.

Al-Syâthibî. Al-I’tishâm. Bairut, Libanon: al-Maktabah al-Tijâriyyah al-Kubra, n.d.

Al-Ṭabari. Jāmi’ Al-Bayān Fī Ta’wīl Al-Qur’ān. Edited by Aḥmad Muḥammad Syākir. Bairut, Libanon: Muassah al-Risālah, 2000.

Al-Tafsîr, Jamâ’ah min Ulamâ’. Al-Mukhtashar Fî Tafsîr Al-Qur`ân Al-Karîm. Riyâdh Saudi Arabia: Markaz Tafsîr li al-Dirâsât al-Qur’âniyah, 2018.

Al-Thabrâni. Al-Mu’jam Ash-Shaghîr. Edited by Muhammad Syakûr and Mahmûd Al-Hâj. Beirut: al-Maktab al-Islâmi Dâr ‘Ummân, 1985.

Al-Tirmidzî. Sunan Al-Tirmizî. Bairut: Dâr al-Gharb al-Islâmî, 1998.

Anonim. Cinta Alam Indonesia (CIA). Keimanan LDII, 2001.

Anwar, Syamsul. “The Relation between Arabic Linguistics and Islamic Legal Reasoning: Islamic Legal Theory Perspective.” Al-Jami’ah 55, no. 2 (2017): 463–92. https://doi.org/10.14421/ajis.2017.552.463-492.

Aprilianto, Dwi, and Salman Zahidi. “Tarjih Maqashidi of Granting Remission for Terrorist Convict in Indonesia.” AL-IHKAM: Jurnal Hukum & Pranata Sosial 16, no. 1 (June 2021): 77–95. https://doi.org/10.19105/al-lhkam.v16i1.4517.

Bakhsh, Khadim Hussain Ilhi. “The Right of Legislation Between Democratic System and Islam.” Al Basirah 1, no. 1 (2012): 218–67.

Budimansyah, Budimansyah. “Gerakan Islam Jama’ah Tabligh Dalam Tinjauan Maqâshid Al-Dîn.” Al-´Adalah 10, no. 3 (2012): 255–65.

Dâud, Abû. Sunan Abû Dâud. Bairut: Dār al-Kitāb al-‘Arabī, n.d.

Dhahir, Darman Fauzan. “Manqul: Communicating the Message of God To the Diverse Islamic Disciples.” Al-Qalam 24, no. 2 (2018): 202. https://doi.org/10.31969/alq.v24i2.523.

Djamaluddin, M. Amin. Kupas Tuntas Kesesatan Dan Kebohongan LDII (Jawaban Atas Buku Direktori LDII). Jakarta Pusat: Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengkajian Islam (LPPI), 2008.

Dodi, Limas. “Ideologi Agama Dalam Praktik Dominasi Antara LDII Versus Non-LDII Di Jombang.” Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf Dan Pemikiran Islam 6, no. 1 (2018): 1–8.

———. “Metamorfosis Gerakan Sosial Keagamaan: Antara Polemik, Desiminasi, Ortodoksi, Dan Penerimaan Terhadap Ideologi Lembaga Dakwah Islam Indonesia (LDII).” Al-Tahrir: Jurnal Pemikiran Islam 17, no. 1 (2017): 227. https://doi.org/10.21154/altahrir.v17i1.880.

———. “SENTIMENT IDEOLOGY: MEMBACA PEMIKIRAN LEWIS A. COSER DALAM TEORI FUNGSIONAL TENTANG KONFLIK (Konsekuensi Logis Dari Sebuah Interaksi Di Antara Pihak Jamaah LDII Dengan Masyarakat Sekitar Gading Mangu-Perak-Jombang) Antara Pihak Jamaah LDII Dengan Masyarak.” Jurnal Al-‘Adl 10, no. 1 (2017): 104–24.

Faizin, Faizin. “Pemikiran Lembaga Dakwah Islam (LDII): Analisis Praktik Keagamaan Dan Pengaruhnya Di Kabupaten Kerinci.” Islamika 16, no. 2 (2016): 59–78. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32939/islamika.v16i2.124.

Faizin, Faizin, and Wan Zailan Kamaruddin Wan Ali. “Konsep Imamah Dan Baiat Dalam Pemikiran Lembaga Dakwah Islam Indonesia Dilihat Dari Perspektif Siyasah Syari’ah.” Al-Risalah 15, no. 01 (December 2018): 1. https://doi.org/10.30631/al-risalah.v15i01.374.

Fauziah, Fauziah. “Upaya Pemerintah Dan Masyarakat Dalam Menyikapi Kegiatan Lembaga Dakwah Islam Indonesia (LDII) Di Kota Pontianak.” Jurnal Al-Hikmah 9, no. 2 (2015): 218–31. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24260/al-hikmah.v9i2.325.g275.

Hadi, Abd. “Hermeneutic Analysis of Manqul Method in Understanding the Qur’an in LDII and Its Implications.” In Proceedings of the 1st Borobudur International Symposium on Humanities, Economics and Social Sciences (BIS-HESS 2019), 436:32–37. Paris, France: Atlantis Press, 2020. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200529.007.

Hambal, Ahmad bin. Musnad Imâm Ahmad. Edited by Syu’aib Al-Arnauth and ‘Âdil Mursyid at All. Bairut: Muassasah al-Risâlah, 2001.

Haryanto, Tison. Teologi Lembaga Dakwah Islam Indonesia (LDII) Dalam Literasi Paham Radikalisme Di Indonesia. Edited by Sirajuddin and Abudllah Idi. Bengkulu: CV. Zigie Utama, 2020.

Hasan, Moh. Abdul Kholiq. “The Tafsīr Bi Al-Ma’ṡūr and Bi Al-Ra’yī in The Commentary of Abū Ja’far Al- Ṭaḥāwī (Study in Aḥkām Al-Qur’ān Al-Karīm.” Jurnal Studi Al-Qur’an 17, no. 2 (2021): 179–206.

Hilmi, Muh. “Pergulatan Komunitas Lembaga Dakwah Islam Indonesia Di Kediri Jawa Timur.” Universitas Indonesia, 2012.

Ibn Taimiyyah. Minhâj Al-Sunnah Al-Nabawiyyah Fî Naqd Kalâm Al-Syi’ah Al-Qadariyyah. Riyâdh Saudi Arabia: Jâmi’ah al-Imâm Muhammad bin Sa’ud al-Islâmiyyah, 1986.

Jaiz, Hartono Ahmad. “Aliran Dan Paham Sesat Di Indonesia.” Jakarta Timur: Pustaka Al-Kautsar, 2012.

———, ed. Bahaya Islam Jamaah Lemkari LDII. Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengkajian Islam (LPPI), 2008.

Jalil, Abdul, and Muhammad Taufiq. “Al-Ȃtsȃr Al-Mutarattibah ‘Ȃla PERPPU (Lawȃih Al-Hukûmiyyah Al-Badaliyyah) Min Al-Munazhzhamȃt Al-Mujtama’Iyyah Raqm 2 Li ‘Ȃm 2017 Dlidda Wujûd Hizb Al-Tahrîr Indûnîsiyȃ Min Manzhûr Saddi Al-Dzarî’Ah.” AL-IHKAM: Jurnal Hukum & Pranata Sosial 14, no. 1 (2019): 144. https://doi.org/10.19105/al-ihkam.v14i1.1982.

Kaṡīr, Ibn. Tafsīr Al-Qur’ān Al-‘Aẓīm. Edited by Sāmi bin Muḥammad Salāmah. Dār al-Thaiyyibah li al-Nasyr wa al-Tauzī`, 1999.

Khalimi. Ormas-Ormas Islam: Sejarah, Akar Teologi Dan Politik. Jakarta: Gaung Persada Press, 2010.

LDII, Dewan Pimpinan Pusat. “Surat Keterangan Fatwa MUI Terkait LDII,” n.d.

LDII, DPP. Direktori LDII. Jakarta Barat: Lembaga Dakwah Islam Indonesia (LDII), 2006.

Marheni, Cut Linda. “Jabr Al-Ahādis Al-Mursalāt Bi Ta’adud Turuq ’Ahādis; Kitāb Faḍāil Qurān Fi Musanaf ‘Abd Al-Razzāq Namudzajan.” Al-Bukhari : Jurnal Ilmu Hadis 2, no. 1 (October 2019): 19–38. https://doi.org/10.32505/al-bukhari.v2i1.1129.

Martono, Murtono. “Konsep Manquul Dalam Perspektif Lembaga Dakwah Islam Indonesia (LDII).” Surakarta, 2014.

Muhammadiyah, Hilmi. “Renewal Paradigm of The LDII Community in Kediri.” Al-Albab 8, no. 1 (2019): 119. https://doi.org/10.24260/alalbab.v8i1.1119.

MUI, Dewan Pimpinan. “Taushiyah Dewan Pimpinan MUI Terhadap Pelaksanaan-Paradigma Baru LDII.” Jakarta Pusat, 2021.

Ottoman. “Asal Usul Dan Perkembangan Lembaga Dakwah Islam Indonesia (L D I I).” Tamaddun: Jurnal Kebudayaan Dan Sastra Islam 14, no. 2 (2014): 147–62. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15642/teosofi.2018.8.1.1-27.

Panataran, Roy Grafika. “Firqah Islâm Jama’âh: ’Ard Wa Naqd.” Islamic University of Madinah, 2016.

Pratama, Finsa Adhi. “TINJAUAN ‘URF TERHADAP TRADISI MEMBACA NASIHAT PASCA SHOLAT JUMAT (Studi Kasus Pada Jamaah Lembaga Dakwah Islam Indonesia (LDII) Di Desa Lambusa Kecamatan Konda Kabupaten Konawe Selatan).” Al-’Adl 13, no. 1 (2020): 27–40. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.31332/aladl.v13i1.1728.

Rachmadani, Fajar. “Al-Ijtihād Al-Istiṣlāḥī And Its Impact In Contemporary Juristic Inference: Majelis Tarjih’s Perspective Of Muhammadiyah.” IJISH (International Journal of Islamic Studies and Humanities) 1, no. 2 (October 2018): 97–116. https://doi.org/10.26555/ijish.v1i2.557.

Sajari, Dimyati. “Fatwa MUI Tentang Aliran Sesat Di Indonesia (1976-2010).” MIQOT: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman 39, no. 1 (2015): 44–62. https://doi.org/10.30821/miqot.v39i1.38.

Salem, Ahmed, and Muhammad Taufiq. “Manâfidu Al-Muharramât Ilâ Muntijâti Al-Halâl: “Dirâsah Tahlîliyah Fî Dhaw’i Ma’âyir Majma’ Al-Fiqh Al-Islâmî Al-Dawlî Wa Al-Ma’âyir Al-Mâlayziah”.” AL-IHKAM: Jurnal Hukum & Pranata Sosial 16, no. 1 (June 27, 2021): 230–50. https://doi.org/10.19105/AL-LHKAM.V16I1.3050.

Shodiq, H.M.C. Akar Kesesatan LDII Dan Penipuan Triliunan Rupiah. Jakarta Pusat: Lembaga Dakwah Islam Indonesia (LDII), 2004.

Sidik, Adi Permana, and Diah Amalia. “Pola Komunikasi Anggota LDII Dengan Non-LDII Di Desa Manteos Kecamatan Coblong Bandung.” Al-Tadabbur: Jurnal Kajian Sosial, Peradaban Dan Agama 5, no. 2 (2019): 149–59.

Sugiyarto, Wakhid, ed. Direktori Kasus-Kasus Aliran, Pemikiran, Paham, Dan Gerakan Keagamaan Di Indonesia. Jakarta: Kementerian Agama Ri Badan Litbang Dan Diklat Puslitbang Kehidupan Keagamaan Jakarta, 2010.

Sulaiman, Sulaiman. “Radikalisme Kelompok Keagamaan Dalam Kontelasi Kebangsaan Di Indonesia (Studi Kasus LDII Di Kota Kediri, Jawa Timur).” Laporan Penelitian. Jawa Timur, 2016.

Sulasmi, Sulasmi. “Peranan Lembaga Dakwah Islam Indonesia (Ldii) Desa Dandang Sebagai Lembaga Sosial Masyarakat Di Bidang Dakwah (Masjid Nurul Barokah).” IAIN Palopo Sulawesi Selatan, 2016.

Surabaya, DPD LDII. “Legalitas Ormas LDII,” n.d.

Taimiyyah, Ibn. Majmū` Al-Fatāwa. Abd al-Raḥ. al-Madinah al-Munawwarah, Saudi Arabia: Majma’ al-Malik Fahd Lī Thiba’ah al-Muṣhaf al-Syarīf, 1995.

Taufiq, Muhammad. “A Critique against the Perspective of Al-Thufy on the Contradiction of Maslahat and the Holy Text.” Millati: Journal of Islamic Studies and Humanities 5, no. 2 (2020): 121–28. https://doi.org/10.18326/mlt.v5i2.121-128.

———. Filsafat Hukum Islam; Dari Teori Ke Aplikasi. Edited by Abd. Jalil. I. Pamekasan: Duta Media, 2019.

Tempo.co. “Ahmadiyah Diminta Mencontoh LDII.” TEMPO Interaktif, Surabaya. Surabaya, 2011.

Zain, Zaki Fadad Syarif. “The Efforts of Islamic Splinter Movements to Withstand from Heretical Issue in Indonesia: Study of LDII, MTA and Jam’iyyatul Islamiyah.” Jurnal Studi Sosial Dan Politik 3, no. 2 (2019): 97–113.

Zami, Muttaqin Al-Zam. “Kontributor Pemikiran Hadis Di Indonesia: Studi Kajian Hadis Di Indonesia Dari Perorangan Hingga Lembaga.” MISYKAT: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Al-Quran, Hadist, Syari’ah Dan Tarbiyah 4, no. 1 (2019): 145. https://doi.org/10.33511/misykat.v4n1.145-162.

Zuhri, Sarifudin. “Proses Perjodohan Dan Kriteria Kafa’Ah Dalam Perkawinan Anggota Ldii Desa Medaeng Kecamatan Waru Kabupaten Sidoarjo.” Al-Hukama: The Indonesian Journal of Islamic Family Law 8, no. 1 (2018): 53–86. https://doi.org/10.15642/alhukama.2018.8.1.53-86.

Published
2022-01-06
Section
Articles