The Responses of The Islamic Higher Education Students Against The Interpretation of The Quran’s Violent Verses and Hadith in Riau

  • Zarkasih Fakultas Tarbiyah, Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau
  • Niki Dian Permana Fakultas Tarbiyah, Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau
  • Aliff Nawi School of Education, Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM), Sintok, 06010 Bukit Kayu Hitam, Kedah
  • Rian Vebrianto Fakultas Tarbiyah, Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau
  • Musa Thahir Fakultas Tarbiyah, Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau
Abstract views: 133 , PDF downloads: 49
Keywords: violent verses; response; misinterpretation; radical understanding

Abstract

The understanding of spiritual doctrine becomes the reason, and it causes an escalation in violence in the name of religion. Misinterpreting the Qur'an verses causes the doer to legalize the violence they do. This article presents the responses of Islamic higher education students in Riau Province and Riau Islands about the interpretation of violent verses in the Quran and Hadith. The sample consisted of 251 students from UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim in Riau, STAIN Bengkalis, and STAIN Abdurrahman Saleh in Riau Islands using a random sampling technique. Using descriptive analysis, the students’ responses against the interpretation of violent verses were categorized as fairly positive at 61%. It indicates that 39% of the students had a negative response. Hence, this study recommends the importance of efforts to “neutralize” the students’ understanding of the three Islamic higher education in Riau to prevent their tendency to have harsh or even radical understanding and responses.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adam, Noor Latiffah, and Nordin Abu Bakar. “Shariah Screening Process in Malaysia.” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 121, no. September 2012 (2014): 113–123. https://doi.org/10. 1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.1113.

Adawiyah, Wiwiek Rabiatul, and Bambang Agus Pramuka. “Scaling the Notion of Islamic Spirituality in the Workplace.” Journal of Management Development 36, no. 7 (2017): 877–898. https://doi. org/10.1108/JMD-11-2014-0153.

Afifah, Nurul. “Tradisi Mendoakan Orang Non Muslim Menurut Konsep Fiqih (Urf) dan Ushul Fiqh Di Kota Metro.” Al-Tarbawi Al-Haditsah: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam 3, no. 2 (2018): 30–51. http://www.syekhnurjati.ac.id/jurnal/index.php/tarbawi/article/download/3238/1960.

Aisyah, St. “Konflik Sosial Dalam Hubunga Antar Umat Beragama.” Jurnal Dakwah Tabligh 15, no. 2 (2014): 189–208. https://doi.org/ 10.24252/jdt.v15i2.348.

Alshech, Eli, Badi Hasisi, and Simon Perry. “Self-Radicalized Western Salafi-Jihadis and Hilltop Youth in the West Bank Similar Radical Thought, Completely Different Practice.” Journal of Religion and Violence 8, no. 2 (2020): 153–195. https://doi.org/10.5840/jrv 202091776.

Arifin, Muhammad Patri, and Misaeropa. “Penafsiran Ali Al-Shobuni Tentang Ayat-Ayat Riba.” Al-Munir: Jurnal Ilmu Al-Qur’an dan Tafsir 1, no. 1 (2019): 135–163. http://jurnalalmunir.com/index. php/al-munir/article/view/26.

Ariyansyah, Rendi, and Masyhur. “Identitas Agama dan Pola Gerakan Sosial (Studi Kasus Front Pembela Islam di Kota Palembang).” Ampera: A Research Journal on Politics and Islamic Civilization 1, no. 1 (2020): 49–60. http://jurnal.radenfatah.ac.id/index.php/ Ampera/article/view/5206/2886.

Aziz, M. Shohibul. “Pribumisasi Hukum Islam dalam Pesantren.” Usratuna 1, no. 2 (2018): 74–93. https://ejournal.staida-krempyang.ac.id/index.php/usratuna/article/download/144/104.

Bohari, Ambo Dalle, and Syarifuddin. “Comparative Thought Ian A Fazlur Rahman and M. Syafii Antonio About Bunga Bank.” Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Indonesia 10, no. 1 (2020): 62–68. https://ejournal.almaata.ac.id/index.php/JESI/article/download/1350/1339.

Brown, Katherine E. “Religious Violence, Gender and Post-Secular Counterterrorism”. International Affairs 96, no. 2 (2020):279–303. https://doi.org/10.1093/ia/iiaa010.

Creswell, John W. Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research (4th ed.). Boston: Pearson Education, Inc, 2012.

Dja’far, Alamsyah M., Libasut Taqwa, and Siti Kholishoh, Intoleransi dan Radikalisme di Kalangan Perempuan Riset Lima Wilayah di Bogor, Depok, Solo Raya, Malang, dan Sumenep. Jakarta: Wahid Foundation, 2017.

Effendi, Muhammad Nur. “Pendidikan Al Irsyad dan Kontribusinya Sehingga Organisasi Tersebut Memenuhi Terhadap Pendidikan Islam.” Jurnal Darussalam 20, no. 2 (2019): 93–106. http://ojs.iai-darussalam.ac.id/index.php/darussalam/article/view/31.

Hadi, Pranoto. Nurul Atieka, Agus Wibowo, Siti Nurlaila, and Sudarmaji “Group Guidance Services with Self-Regulation Technique to Improve Student Learning Motivation in Junior High School (JHS).” Educational Research and Reviews 11, no. 24 (2016): 2146–2154. https://doi.org/10.5897/err2016.2955.

Hakim, Sabron. “Distorsi Humanisme dalam Konsep Islam Rahmatan Lil’aalamiin di Indonesia (Studi Internalisasi Humanisme dalam Islam.” Al-Afkar: Journal for Islamic Studies 3, no. 1 (2020): 1–19. https://al-afkar.com/index.php/Afkar_Journal/article/view/74.

Hakis, and Ammy Rila Tuasikal. “Kebermaknaan Salam dalam Kehidupan Sosial Masyarakat.” Jurnal Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Dakwah IAIN Ambon 8, no. 1 (2014): 1–10. https://anzdoc.com/ download/kebermaknaan-salam-dalam-kehidupan-sosial-masya rakat-oleh-ha.html.

Hasriani, Hasriani. Wa Ode Titisalfia, Ammar Munir, and Ardhina Nur Aflaha. “Analisis Penerapan Pelarangan Riba Terhadap Mahasiswa STAI Al-Azhar Gowa.” Al-Azhar Journal of Islamic Economics 2, no. 1 (2020): 12–24. https://www.ejournal.staial azhar.ac.id/index.php/ajie/article/view/40/30.

Hatta, M. “Media Sosial Sebagai Sumber Keberagamaan Alternatif Remaja Dalam Fenomena Cyberreligion.” Dakwah: Jurnal Kajian Dakwah dan Kemasyarakatan 22, no. 1 (2018): 1–30. https://doi.org/10.15408/dakwah.v22i1.12044.

Ibrahim, Rustam. “Jihad dalam Literatur Pesantren Salaf.” Jurnal Teologia 23. no. 1 (2012): 175–191. https://journal.walisongo.ac. id/index.php/teologia/article/view/1799.

Ihsan, Fanani Mafatikul, Ridan Muhtadi, and Moh Subhan. “Historiografi Kausa Legal Bunga (Riba) di Indonesia.” Ulûmuna: Jurnal Studi Keislaman 6, no. 1 (2020): 1–12.

http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/madura/index.php/ulumuna/article/view/3955/2845.

Ioakimidis, Vasilios, and Nicos Trimikliniotis. “Making Sense of Social Work’s Troubled Past: Professional Identity, Collective Memory and the Quest for Historical Justice.” The British Journal of Social Work 50, no.6 (Septemebr 2020): 1890–1908. https://doi.org/10. 1093/bjsw/bcaa040.

Irman, and Yusefri. “Radikalisme Agama Perspektif Al-Qur’an dan Konseling.” Al-Fuad: Jurnal Imiah Sosial Keagamaan 2, no. 2 (2018): 9–21. https://ojs.iainbatusangkar.ac.id/ojs/index.php/ alfuad/article/view/1439.

Jalil, Abdul. “Dakwah MMI (Mengurangi Kekerasan Sosial Pada Diskusi di LKiS Yogyakarta).” Al-Balagh: Jurnal Dakwah dan Komunikasi 1, no. 1 (2016): 1–22. https://doi.org/10.22515/ balagh.v1i1.44.

Janah, Miftakhul. “Miftakhul Janah, “Pengaruh Kesadaran Halal dan Sertifikasi Halal Terhadap Minat Beli Produk Mi Samyang (Studi pada Masyarakat Muslim di Kecamatan Kebumen).” Undergradute Thesis. Kebumen: STIE Putra Bangsa, 2015. https://www.scribd.com/document/490547909/145501916-pdf.

Kodri TF, Imam. “Konsep Jihad Perspektif Sivitas Pesantren di Sumenep (Kajian Hadis Dalam Kitab Bulǔgh Al-Marăm Min ’Adillat Al- Aḥkȃm Karya Ibn Hajar Al-‘Asqalȃnȋy). Ph.D. dissertation.” Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel, Surabaya, 2020.

Llorent-Bedmar, Vicente, Verónica C. Cobano-Delgado, and Palma María Navarro-Granados. “Islamic Religion Teacher Training in Spain: Implications for Preventing Islamic-Inspired Violent Radicalism.” Teaching and Teacher Education 95, no. October (2020): 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2020.103138.

Lufaefi. “Telaah Penafsiran Ayat-Ayat Kekerasan: Upaya Mewujudkan Perdamaian dalam Bingkai KeIndonesiaan.” Refleksi 16, no. 1 (2017): 1–28. http://journal.uinjkt.ac.id/index.php/refleksi/article/ view/9730.

Maghfirah, Fitri. “Diskursus Interpretasi Ayat Riba dan Relevansinya Dengan Bunga.” Hukum Islam 20, no. 1 (2020): 95–119. http://ejournal.uin-suska.ac.id/index.php/hukumislam/article/ view/8481/5319.

Mahmuddin. “Budaya Kekerasan dalam Gerakan Islam: Studi Tentang Penegakan Doktrin Amar Makruf Nahi Mungkar Pada Ormas Front Pembela Islam (FPI) Kota Makassar,” Jurnal Diskursus Islam 1, no. 1 (2013): 85–99, http://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/ index.php/diskursus_islam/article/view/6584.

Mahmudi, Wildana Latif. “Pertumbuhan Aliran-Aliran dalam Islam dan Historinya.” Bangun Rekaprima 5, no. 2 (2019): 70–84. https://jurnal.polines.ac.id/index.php/bangun_rekaprima/article/view/1578.

Marianti. “Konsep Pendidikan Anti-Terorisme Relevansinya Bagi Pendidikan Islam.” Toleransi: Media Komunikasi Umat Beragama 12, no. 1 (2020): 48–60. http://ejournal.uin-suska.ac.id/ index.php/toleransi/article/view/10637.

Marlina, Lina, and Gina Rosdiana. “Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Minat Non Muslim Menjadi Nasabah Bank Syariah di Tasikmalaya.” E-Qien: Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Bisnis 7, no. 2 (2020): 33-40. https://stiemuttaqien.ac.id/ojs/index.php/OJS/ article/view/110.

Meftah, Jilani ben Touhami. “Roots of Sadistic Terrorism Crimes: Is It Islam or Arab Culture?.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 42, no. June (2018): 52–60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2018.06.003.

Misbar, Andrian, and Amsal Amri. “Sikap Masyarakat Terhadap Pola Komunikasi Pencegahan Nahi Munkar Kelompok Front Pembela Islam (Studi Penelitian Di Gampong Weu Raya Kecamatan Lhoknga, Kab. Aceh Besar).” Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa FISIP Unsyiah 3, no. 2 (2019): 10-12. http://jim.unsyiah.ac.id/FISIP/ article/view/10843.

Morodjojo, Bima C. P., Surijadi Supardjo, and Rachmat Prijadi. “Hotel Syariah di Manado: Simbolisme Arsitektur Islam.” Jurnal Arsitektur Daseng 9, no. 1 (2020): 320–326. https://ejournal. unsrat.ac.id/index.php/daseng/article/view/3016.

Mu’amalah, Kholis. “Merdeka Belajar Sebagai Metode Pendidikan Islam Dan Pokok Perubahan (Analisis Pemikiran K.H. Hamim Tohari Djazuli).” Jurnal Tawadhu 4, no. 1 (2020): 977–994. https://ejournal.iaiig.ac.id/index.php/TWD/article/view/218.

Munir, Samsul. “Politik Pendidikan Islam Berbasis Multikultural: Konsep dan Strategi Pembelajaran Agama Islam Dalam Mewujudkan Islam Rahmatan Li Al- ‘ Ālamīn.” Dirosat 2, no. 2 (2017): 149–182. https://doi.org/10.28944/dirosat.v2i2.105.

Muslih, Muhamad. “Peran Fikih Indonesia Dalam Modernisasi Hukum Islam (Perspektif Undang-Undang Nomor 1 Tahun 1974).” Nurani Hukum 2, no. 1 (2019): 61-74. https://jurnal.untirta.ac.id/ index.php/nhk/article/view/5477/0.

Musni, La. “Pola Pendidikan Pluralisme Agama; Studi Di Desa Wayame Kecamatan Teluk Ambon Kota Ambon.” Jurnal An-Nur 6, no. 2 (2014): 301–321. https://jurnalannur.ac.id/index.php/An-Nur/article/view/51.

Nadia, Zunly. “Living Hadits: Penggunaan Hadits dalam Ceramah Agama di Radio Majlis Tafsir Al- Qur’an.” Bina`al-Ummah 15, no. 1 (2020): 55–82. http://ejournal.radenintan.ac.id/index.php/ alummah/article/view/6703.

Ouadghiri, Imane El, and Jonathan Peillex. “Public Attention to ‘Islamic Terrorism’ and Stock Market Returns.” Journal of Comparative Economics 46, no. 4 (2018): 936–946. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.jce.2018.07.014.

Purba, Asnan, and Imam Kamaluddin. “Urgensi Jihad Masa Kini dalam Persepektif Islam.” Ijtihad: Jurnal Hukum dan Ekonomi Islam 13, no. 2 (2019): 131–145. https://ejournal.unida.gontor.ac.id/index. php/ijtihad/article/view/3538.

Rahayu, Annisa Eka, and Nunung Nurhayati. “Telaah Kritis Pemikiran Abdul Mannan Tentang Riba dan Bunga Bank.” Islamic Banking: Jurnal Pemikiran dan Pengembangan Perbankan Syariah 6, no. 1 (2020): 47–68. https://doi.org/10.36908/isbank.v6i1.131.

Rahman, Fathur. “Transformasi Hukum Islam dalam Kerangka Pikir Ibnul Qayyim Al-Jauziyah.” Tasamuh: Jurnal Studi Islam 11, no. 2 (2019): 365-280. https://doi.org/10.47945/tasamuh.v11i2.167.

Rasenda, Rasenda, Hendarman Lubis, and Ridwan Ridwan. “Implementasi K-NN Dalam Analisa Sentimen Riba Pada Bunga Bank Berdasarkan Data Twitter.” Jurnal Media Informatika Budidarma 4, no. 2 (2020): 369-376. https://doi.org/10.30865/ mib.v4i2.2051.

Redjosari, Slamet Muliono. “Salafi dan Stigma Sesat Radikal.” ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman 13, no. 2 (2019): 305–324. http://repository.uinsby.ac.id/id/eprint/202/1/Slamet%20Muliono%20Redjosari_Salafi%20dan%20Stigma%20Sesat-Radikal.pdf.

Rhoades, Ashley L. Todd C Helmus , and James V Marrone, Victoria Smith, and Elizabeth Bodine-Baron. Promoting Peace as the Antidote to Violent Extremism. Santa Monica, Calif: RAND Corporation, 2020.

Robet, Robertus, and Rusfadia Saktiyanti Jahja. “Bunuh Diri Teroris Sebagai Tindakan Ideologis.” In Seminar Nasional Ikatan Sosiologi Indonesia, Makassar, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, October 2018.

Romnan, Abdul, and Minarti. “Toleransi Semu Pada Relasi Kelompok Keagamaan Dalam Islam.” In Prosiding Seminar Fisip Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto, November 2019.

Sarono, Agus. “Explorasi Hukum Riba Dari Berbagai Macam Pandangan Serta Penerapan Ilmu Hukum Dalam Aplikasinya.” Diponegoro Private Law Review 7, no. 1 (2020): 657–667. https://ejournal2.undip.ac.id/index.php/dplr/article/download/8173/4296.

Setiabudhi, I Ketut Rai, I Gede Artha, and I Putu Rasmadi Arsha Putra. “Urgensi Kewaspadaan Dini dalam Rangka Memperkuat Persatuan dan Kesatuan Bangsa.” Jurnal Magister Hukum Udayana (Udayana Master Law Journal) 7, no. 2 (2018): 250–266. https://doi.org/10.24843/jmhu.2018.v07.i02.p09.

Setiawan, Iwan. “Pengembangan Bisnis Tanpa Riba.” Tahkim 13, no. 2 (2017): 17-30. https://jurnal.iainambon.ac.id/index.php/THK/ article/view/716.

Solihah. “Pandangan Islam Terhadap Non Muslim Berjualan Perlengkapan Muslim.” Master Thesis. Universitas Islam Negeri SMH, Banten, 2018.

Souryal, Sam S., Dennis W. Potts, and Abdullah I. Alobied. “The Penalty of Hand Amputation for Theft in Islamic Justice.” Journal of Criminal Justice 22, no. 3 (1994): 249–265. https://doi.org/10. 1016/0047-2352(94)90021-3.

Syafar, Muhammad. “Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Berbasis Masjid Untuk Menangkal Radikalisme Islam di Banten.” Lembaran Masyarakat: Jurnal Pengembangan Masyarakat Islam 4, no. 2 (2018): 103–122. https://doi.org/10.32678/lbrmasy.v4i2.1185.

Syafi’ie, M. “Pemikiran Organisasi Islam Tentang Penerapan Hukum Pidana Islam: Tinjauan Hukum Hak Asasi Manusia.” Undang: Jurnal Hukum 2, no. 2 (2020): 225–264. https://doi.org/10.22437/ ujh.2.2.225-264.

Syaifullah, Hamli, and Lukmanul Hakim. “Transformasi Keadilan Transaksi dalam Ekonomi Islam: Tinjauan Fiqih Muamalah.” Misykat al-Anwar: Jurnal Kajian Islam dan Masyarakat 28, no. 2 (2017): 1–20. https://jurnal.umj.ac.id/index.php/MaA16/article/ view/3840.

Syofrianisda. “Kajian Hadith Tentang Salam Dalam Buku Fiqih Lintas Agama (FLA).” Universum 11, no. 1 (2017): 113–130. https://doi. org/10.30762/universum.v11i1.590.

Thohir, Ajid. Historisitas dan Signifikansi Kitab Manaqib Syekh’Abdul Qâdir Al-Jîlã̋̌nî Dalam Historiografi Islam. Jakarta: Kementerian Agama RI Badan Litbang, Diklat Puslitbang Lektur & Khazanah Keagamaan, 2011.

Trigkas, Vasilis. “On Global Power Differentials, Moral Realism, and the Rise of China: A Review Essay.” Journal of Contemporary China 29, no. 126 (2020): 950–963. https://doi.org/10.1080/ 10670564.2020.1744392.

Waisbord, Silvio. “Mob Censorship: Online Harassment of US Journalists in Times of Digital Hate and Populism.” Digital Journalism 8, no. 8 (2020): 1030–1046. https://doi.org/10.1080/ 21670811.2020.1818111.

Wati, Dasni. “Peran Wilāyah Al-Ḥisbah Kota Banda Aceh dalam Mencegah Penyalahgunaan Tempat Salon Kecantikan Sebagai Sarana Maksiat (Implementasi Qānūn Aceh Nomor 6 Tahun 2014 Tentang Hukum Jināyah).” Banda Aceh Darussalam: Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry, 2020.

Wati, Siti Sulistia. “Pencurian Yang Dilakukan Anak di Bawah Umur Menurut Hukum Islam dan Hukum Positif.” Academica Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies 2, no. 2 (2018): 345–355. http:// ejournal.iainsurakarta.ac.id/index.php/academica/article/view/2264.

Wibisono, M. Yusuf. “Agama, Kekerasan dan Pluralisme dalam Islam.” Kalam 9, no. 2 (2015): 187–214. https://doi.org/10.24042/klm. v9i2.328.

Winia, I Nyoman, Hari Harsananda, Prasanthy Devi Maheswari, Made G. Juniartha, and Kadek Hengki Primayana. “Building The Youths Characters Through Strengthening of Hindu Religious Education.” Vidyottama Sanatana: International Journal of Hindu Science and Religious Studies 4, no. 1 (2020): 119–125. https://doi.org/10.25078/ijhsrs.v4i1.1416.

Yaqin, M. Ainul. Pendidikan Multikultural: Cross-Cultural Under-standing Untuk Demokrasi dan Keadilan. Yogyakarta: Pilar Media, 2005.

Published
2021-12-29
How to Cite
Zarkasih, Niki Dian Permana, Aliff Nawi, Rian Vebrianto, and Musa Thahir. 2021. “The Responses of The Islamic Higher Education Students Against The Interpretation of The Quran’s Violent Verses and Hadith in Riau”. Karsa: Journal of Social and Islamic Culture 29 (2), 440-74. https://doi.org/10.19105/karsa.v29i2.4458.
Section
Articles