Optimalisasi Pembentukan Karakter Anak Usia Dini: Manajemen Kurikulum dengan Pendekatan Perenialis dan Motivasi Orang Tua di Sekolah Alam

  • Anita Mauliyah Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam YPBWI Surabaya
  • Naily Rohmah Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam YPBWI Surabaya
Abstract views: 69 , PDF downloads: 52


Having children who grow up with strong characters is the hope of parents when choosing their children to start formal education. Early childhood education institutions (PAUD), with their various creative efforts also carry out development and innovation to achieve the expected output targets for parents who entrust their children to study in PAUD/TK so that later children are more prepared to enter further education and have good personality characteristics. This study took a sample of students from PAUD/TK with a perennialist curriculum, a general PAUD curriculum, and a religion-based curriculum. This real experimental research uses a cross sectional approach - one shot design involving a comparison group of students from public schools and religion-based schools, with the aim of testing the perennialist curriculum management on outputs. Sampling of the experimental and control groups was taken from TK A, TK B, and graduates who were in elementary school 4th grade (aged 9-10) years. The results of the hypothesis test show that there is a strengthening of character from Kindergarten A to Kindergarten B and SD Grade 4, where children can maintain the values ​​that are embedded while studying in PAUD/TK. The results of study also prove that there is a correlation between parents' motivation to send their children to school and parents' expectations of educational outcomes, which is indicated by differences in attitudes and behavior of children from PAUD/TK. Children with perennialist-based learning can show behavior of honesty, courage (brainly), cohesiveness, be helpful (mutual help) which is relatively stable, and show leadership (leadership) that stands out in class when sitting in education. base. Curriculum management with a perennialist approach is proven to foster values, self-efficacy and children's adversity quotient.


Download data is not yet available.


Aghnaita, A., dan Maemonah, M. (2020). Early Childhood Education according to Abdurrahman An-Nahlawi and Maria Montessori. Al-Athfal: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak, 6(2), 121-134.
Akomolafe, M. A. (2021). Between Perennialism and Progessivism: A Reflection on a Pedagogical Choice for Effective Child Development. Filosofiya Osvity. Philosophy of Education, 26(2), 78–89.
Andrian, D., Kartowagiran, B., dan Hadi, S. (2018). The instrument development to evaluate local curriculum in Indonesia. International Journal of Instruction, 11(4), 921–934
Aoyagi, S (2019). Youth development through martial arts selected good practices. Bangkok. Paper: his project was made possible through the support of the International Centre of Martial Arts for Youth Development and Engagement, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), p.1-69
Arsyad, A (2015). Media Pembelajaran. Jakarta : Rajawali Pers
Aslan, Ö. M. (2018). From an Academician’ s Preschool Diary: Emergent Curriculum and Its Practices in a Qualified Example of Laboratory Preschool. 7(1), 97–110.
Asmawati, L (2014). Perencanaan Pembelajaran PAUD. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya
Azwar, S (2016). Metode Penelitian, Edisi 4, Cet. 9. Yogyakarta : Penerbit Pustaka Pelajar,
Bakhtiar, A. M., dan Nugroho, A. S. (2016). Curriculum Development of Environmental Education Based on Local Wisdom at Elementary School. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 3(3), 20–28.
Buchanan, R.A., Forster, D.J., Douglas, S., and Nakar, S., (2021) Philosophy of Education in a New Key: exploring new ways of teaching and doing ethics in education in the 21st century, Educational Philosophy and Theory, Australia: School of Education, niversity of Newcastle Publizhed
Dwianto, A., Wilujeng, I., Prasetyo, Z. K., dan Suryadarma, I. G. (2017). The development of science domain based learning tool which is integrated with local wisdom to improve science process skill and scientific attitude. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 6(1), 23-31.
Escalona, E.P., Gobbi, E., Valenzuela, P.L. Bennett, S.J., Aschieri, P., Loeches, M.M., Paoli, A., and Quel, A.M. (2021). Effects of a school-based karate intervention on academic achievement, psychosocial functioning, and physical fitness: A multi-country cluster randomized controlled trial. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 00, 1-9
Fahmi, F., dan Ningsih, R.W (2021). Eksistensi Model Kurikulum Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini. Mitra Ash-Shibyan: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Konseling, 4(1),1-16
Gandhi, TW, dan Wangsa, T. (2011). Philosophy of Education: mazhab schools of educational philosophy. Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruzz Media.
Hos, R., dan Kaplan-wolff, B. (2020). On and Off Script: A Teacher’ s Adaptati on of Mandated Curriculum for Refugee Newcomers in an Era of Standardization On and Off Script: A Teacher’ s Adaptati on of Mandated Curriculum for Refugee Newcomers in an Era of Standardization. Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, 9(1), 40–54
Hurlock, E.B (2016). Psikologi Perkembangan: suatu pendekatan sepanjang rentang kehidupan (Edisi 5), Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga
Husamah (2013). Pembelajaran Luar Kelas Outdoor Learning. Jakarta: Prestasi Pustakaraya.
Jalaluddin, H., dan Idi, HA (2011). Philosophy of education: human, philosophy, and education. Higher Education Book Division, PT Rajagrafindo Persada.
Jannah, A.L. (2013). Kesalahan-Kesalahan Guru Paud Yang Sering Di Anggap Sepele. Jogjakarta: DIVA Press.
Malik, J (2021). Philosophy of Perennialism and Its Relevance To Contemporary Islamic Education. Riayah : Jurnal Sosial dan Keagamaan, 6 (01), 84-94
Marchant, E., Todd, C., Cooksey, R., Dredge, S, Jones H, and Reynolds. D. (2019). Curriculum-based outdoor learning for children aged 9-11: A qualitative analysis of pupils’ and teachers’ views. PLoS ONE Published Journal. 14(5): 21-42.
Pavlova, J., Bodnar, I., Mosler, D., dan Ortenburger, D.E. (2018). The influence of karate training on preparing preschool girls for school education. Ido Movement For Culture. Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology, 19(2) (2019), 12–20
Putra, N dan Dwilestari, N. (2013). Penelitian Kualitatif PAUD. Jakarta : PT Raja Grafindo Persada.
Rochmah, N., Fahridatun, U., dan Hanifatunisak, H. (2019). Esensi Model Pembelajaran High/Scope dalam Pembelajaran Anak Usia Dini. Indonesian Journal of Early Childhood: Jurnal Dunia Anak Usia Dini. 1(1), 16-27
Santrock, J.W (2011). Masa perkembangan anak, EDISI, edisi 11 buku 2. Jakarta : Penerbit Salemba Humanika
Sugiyono. (2020). Metode penelitian kuantitatif kualitatif dan R & D, edisi Revisi. Bandung: Penerbit Alfabeta, CV
Suprapto, N.B. Prahani, K., and Cheng, T.H (2017). Indonesian Curriculum Reform in Policy and Local Wisdom: Perspectives from Science Education. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 10(1), 69-80
Sutrisno, Zar’in, F., dan Salehcah, S. (2021). Local Content Curriculum Model for Early Childhood Scientific Learning. Jurnal Pendidikan Usia Dini, 15(1), 81 - 100.
Umayah, S., dan Suyadi, S. (2020). Pengembangan Kurikulum Berbasis Nusantara dan Internasional di PAUD Fastrack Funschool Yogyakarta. JECED : Journal of Early Childhood Education and Development, 2(1), 1–12.
Vera, A. (2012). Metode Mengajar