The Heroic Archetypes and the Reinvention of Aswang Character in Segundo Matias’ Moymoy Lulumboy Ang Batang Aswang

  • Mary Ann Alcantara Illana School of Humanities, Ateneo de Manila University, Katipunan Avenue, Loyola Heights, Quezon City
Abstract views: 545 , PDF downloads: 325
Keywords: Aswang lore, Aswang reinscription, Heroic archetype, Urban legend

Abstract

Marginalized and queer heroes are being recognized in the resurgence of various types of characters in contemporary hero narratives. In challenging the normative conventions, there are heroic values in the ambiguous presentation of their character which are revived and valorized based on the heroic archetypes presented in the story. Given this, how do we reconcile the normative conventions of hero attributed to queer and deviant representation of his character and heroic deeds? This paper analyzes the contemporary work of Segundo Matias' Moymoy Lulumboy: Ang Batang Aswang. Patterned from Joseph Campbell's normative structure of hero's journey, which models the representation of various nature of character heroes and their established heroic archetypes, this study revealed that a category of heroic deviant exists in portraying character hero in the revival of Aswang lore in contemporary urban legend. Furthermore, this paper affirms that the resurrection of the archetypal pattern and the marginal presentation of the hero and his journey present a re-inscripted image of Aswang from a "rigidly static" to a semi-heroic ascension.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alcina, S. J. Ignacio Francisco. History of the Bisayan People in the Philippine Islands. Translated by Cantius J Kobak, O. F. M. and Lucio Gutierrez O. P., Vol. 1. Manila, Philippines: UST Publishing House, 2004.

Arellano, Lisa. “The Heroic Monster: Dexter, Masculinity, and Violence.” Television & New Media 16, no. 2 (2015): 131–47. https://doi.org/10.1177/1527476412450192.

Azuma, Kentaro. “In Search of Aswang: A Ghost Story, Monster and Sorcerer in Philippine Society | Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia,” October 3, 2012. https://kyotoreview.org/issue-12/in-search-of-aswang-a-ghost-story-monster-and-sorcerer-in-philippine-society/.

Bacwaden, Joy Christine O. “Lumawig: The Culture Hero of the Bontoc-Igorot.” Philippine Studies 45, no. 3 (1997): 329–52. https://www.jstor.org/stable/42635050.

Barbour, Loren. “‘Nemeses! Dragons! Symbolism!’: Queering the Fantasy Hero Narrative in Nimona.” Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics, June 25, 2020, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1080/21504857.2020.1786418.

Benczik, Vera. “Monsters Old and New - The Changing Faces of Otherness and in Richard Matheson’s I Am Legend and Its Film Adaptation.” In Tradition and Innovation in Literature: From Antiquity to the Present, edited by Pál Hegyi, 187–203. Eötvös Loránd University: the Dean of Faculty of Humanities, 2020.

Bergstrand, Kelly, and James M. Jasper. “Villains, Victims, and Heroes in Character Theory and Affect Control Theory.” Social Psychology Quarterly 81, no. 3 (2018): 228–47. https://doi.org/10.1177/0190272518781050.

Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with A Thousand Faces. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004.

Carroll, Michael P. “The Trickster as Selfish-Buffoon and Culture Hero.” Ethos 12, no. 2 (1984): 105–31. https://www.jstor.org/stable/639961.

Childs, Brevard S. “The Etiological Tale Re-Examined.” Vetus Testamentum 24, no. 4 (1974): 387–97. https://doi.org/10.2307/1517173.

Demetrio, Francisco. “Creation Myths among the Early Filipinos.” Asian Folklore Studies 27, no. 1 (1968): 41–79. https://doi.org/10.2307/1177800.

Demetrio, Francisco. “The Religious Dimensions of Some Philippine Folktales.” Asian Folklore Studies 28, no. 1 (1969): 51–76. https://doi.org/10.2307/1177780.

Demetrio, Francisco R. “Shamans, Witches and Philippine Society.” Philippine Studies 36, no. 3 (1988): 372–80. https://www.jstor.org/stable/42633102.

de Gracia, Alta Grace. Aswang (Monsters) and Supernaturalisms: Nocturnal Deities. Manila, Philippines: Rex Book Store, Inc., 2011.

Higgins, Ryan S. “The Good, the God, and the Ugly: The Role of the Beloved Monster in the Ancient Near East and the Hebrew Bible.” Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 74, no. 2 (2020): 132–45. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020964319896307.

Inoue, Yoshitaka. “Contemporary Consciousness as Reflected in Images of the Vampire.” Jung Journal: Culture & Psyche 5, no. 4 (2011): 83–99. https://doi.org/10.1525/jung.2011.5.4.83.

Lim, Bliss Cua. “Queer Aswang Transmedia: Folklore as Camp.” Kritika Kultura, no. 24 (2015): 180–127. https://doi.org/10.13185/KK2015.02407.

Lynch, Frank. The Aswang Inquiry. Dallas: The Anvil Pub, 1998.

Macdonald, Charles J-H. “Folk Catholicism and Pre-Spanish Religions in the Philippines.” Philippine Studies 52, no. 1 (2004): 78–93. https://www.jstor.org/stable/42633685.

Magat, Margaret. “Balut: ‘Fertilized Duck Eggs and Their Role in Filipino Culture.’” Western Folklore 61, no. 1 (2002): 63–96. https://doi.org/10.2307/1500289.

Matias, Segundo. Moymoy Lulumboy: Ang Batang Aswang. Metro Manila: Lampara Publishing House Inc, 2014.

McCrystal, Erica. “Hyde the Hero: Changing the Role of the Modern-Day Monster.” University of Toronto Quarterly 87, no. 1 (2018): 234–48. https://doi.org/10.3138/utq.87.1.234.

McGunnigle, Christopher. “The Difference between Heroes and Monsters: Marvel Monsters and Their Transition into the Superhero Genre.” University of Toronto Quarterly 87, no. 1 (2018): 110–35. https://doi.org/10.3138/utq.87.1.110.

Meier, Isabelle. “The Classic, Banished, and Negative Hero.” Jung Journal 15, no. 1 (2021): 36–48. https://doi.org/10.1080/19342039.2021.1862593.

Menez, Herminia. Exploration in Philippine Folklore. Manila: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1996.

Patel, Alpesh Kantilal. “The Art of Queering Asian Mythology.” In Global Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer (LGBTQ) History, edited by Howard Chiang, Anjali Arondekar, Marc Epprecht, Jennifer Evans, Ross G. Forman, Hanadi Al-Samman, Emily Skidmore, and Zeb Tortorici’, 10th ed., 127–34. Michigan: Gale: A Cengage Company, 2019.

Pertierra, Raul. “Viscera-Suckers and Female Sociality: The Philippine Asuang.” Philippine Studies 31, no. 3 (1983): 319–37. https://www.jstor.org/stable/42633556.

Pierce, Sarah E. “From Demon to Daimon: A Mythic and Depth Psychological Analysis of the American Hero Vampire.” Dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2012. http://pqdtopen.proquest.com/doc/1040729888.html?FMT=ABS.

Pugh, Tison. “The Queer Narrativity of the Hero’s Journey in Nintendo’s The Legend of Zelda Video Games.” Journal of Narrative Theory 48, no. 2 (2018): 225–51. https://doi.org/10.1353/jnt.2018.0009.

Ramos, Maximo D. The Aswang Complex in the Philippine Folklore. Quezon City: Phoenix Publishing House Quezon City, 1990.

Reyes, Soledad S. “The Komiks and Retelling the Lore of the Folk.” Philippine Studies 57, no. 3 (2009): 389–417. https://www.jstor.org/stable/42634017.

Sabanpan-yu, Hope. “Performing the Body in Filipino Narratives: The Manananggal (Viscera Sucker) in Colonial Literature.” UNITAS 90, no. 1 (2017): 57–73. https://doi.org/10.31944/2017901.hosayu03.

Segal, Robert A. “The Blurry Line Between Humans and Gods.” Numen 60, no. 1 (2013): 39–53. https://doi.org/10.1163/15685276-12341251.

Tolentino, Rolando. “Shake, Rattle and Roll Horror Franchise and the Specter of Nation-Formation in the Philippines.” Humanities Diliman 13, no. 1 (2016): 134–52.

Van Tourhout, Benjamin. “The Hybrid Hero: A Contagious Counterexample.” Journal of Humanistic Psychology 59, no. 4 (2019): 540–67. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022167817718424.

Vučković, Dijana, and Ljiljana Pajović Dujović. “The Evolution of the Vampire from Stoker’s Dracula to Meyer’s Twilight Saga.” CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture 18, no. 3 (2016): 1–8. https://doi.org/10.7771/1481-4374.2836.

Published
2021-05-31