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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word (docx, rtf, doc, etc)
  • The manuscript has been made in the light of Journal’s author guidelines.
  • Any form of plagiarism is prohibited and against the law.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring blind review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

Manuscript Preparation

  • Language
    The language of the manuscript must be in English or Arabic. The English language used is either American or British standard, but not a mixture of both.

  • Language Length of Manuscript
    The length of the paper should normally be between 14-25 pages of A4 paper with (Top and Left Margin: of 3 cm, Bottom and Right Margin: of 2,5 cm). Authors are urged to write as concisely as possible, but not at the expense of clarity. Articles should be typed in multiple 1.15 spaced, in Arial size 11 on one side of the paper only (Except the title page – see the Template).


    The title page is a separate page before the text. It should include the following information: 

    1. Title
      The title should be concise and informative. Try to avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
    2. Author’s names and affiliations
      Please indicate the given name and family name clearly. Below the names, present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done). Indicate all affiliations, including Department, Faculty, Affiliation, Full Postal Address of Affiliation, and Country with a lower-case superscript letter immediately below the author's name.
    3. Corresponding author
      Clearly indicate who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing, publication, and also post-publication. Ensure that telephone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address. 
    4. Abstract
      A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum length of 150-200 words). It starts with the general statement of the topics, the purpose of the study, the research method, main findings, and the conclusion. An abstract is presented separately above the main headings in the article, so it must be able to stand alone. References should, therefore, be avoided, but if essential, they must be cited in full, without reference to the references.
    5. Keywords
      Following the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of').

    The main headings include INTRODUCTION, METHOD, RESULTS, DISCUSSION, and CONCLUSION. Authors are allowed to 1) Add LITERATURE REVIEW after the INTRODUCTION if needed, and 2) Combine the RESULTS and DISCUSSION into one section named as "RESULTS AND DISCUSSION" if necessary. Authors are also allowed to use subheadings under the main headings. If necessary,  APPENDIX may be included.

    1. Introduction
      Provide an adequate background. Explain how you addressed the problem and why it is important to answer it, and also clearly state the study's aims (how you think their answer would contribute to the existing scholarship on the subject). Suppose the author combines the Introduction with Literature Review. In that case, the author should also discuss the relation of your research article with other research(s), and any related theories (especially from the most relevant theories and high-reputation journals) should also be written briefly in the Introduction. It should be presented in paragraphs comprising 15-20% of the article's length.
    2. Literature Review (or, this section can be combined in "Introduction”).
      Review the key concepts or provide a summary of the existing works of literature. It can review books, scholarly articles, and relevant sources for particular issues. Next, the current State of the Arts (SotA) review should be carefully provided to show the explicit gap or demonstrate your research's novelty. One important criterion for choosing literature in your SotA review is to ensure that the literature are recent peer-reviewed articles or primary references (the last 5 to 10 years) and are published by highly reputed journals/conferences/publishers.
    3. Method
      Explain briefly the research method involving research design, population and sample, research instruments, data collection procedures, and data analysis. A very detailed description of your research method is not necessary to write. The proportion of this section is 10-15% of the total article length.
    4. Results (This section may be combined with "Discussion")
      Provide the results of the study. The authors can include the statistical analysis either in the text or as tables and figures. If appropriate, you can also use pictures, graphs, and other instruments. NOTE: (If the authors do not combine The Results and Discussion section, please do NOT discuss the results or speculate as to why something happened in the results). The proportion of this section is 40-60% of the total article length.
    5. DiscussionThe author can provide the discussion by summarizing the results, interpreting the results by discussing whether the results support the hypothesis or not, connecting the results with previous studies and theory, discussing the implications in the broadest context possible, and giving a new understanding based on the research results. The limitations and direction for future researchers may also be provided.
    6. Conclusion
      It consists of the main conclusions clearly and explains the study's importance and relevance to the field. Limitations of the study should be addressed. Recommendations for future research should also be provided.
  • Declarations
    All manuscripts must contain the following sections under the conclusion: 

    1. Acknowledgment
      Please acknowledge anyone who contributed to the article who does not meet the criteria for authorship including anyone who provided proofreading, professional writing services or materials, or any part who provided only general support. Authors should obtain permission to acknowledge from all those mentioned in this Acknowledgements section. If you do not have anyone to acknowledge, please write “Not applicable” in this section.
    2. Availability of Data and Materials
      Availability of data and materials statements provide detailed information on where the data and materials that support the results can be found. If applicable, please insert the hyperlinks to where the datasets were generated.
    3. Competing Interests
      In this section, all financial and non-financial competing interests must be acknowledged. If there are no competing interests at all, please state, “The authors declare that they have no competing interests” in this section. 
    4. Funding
      All sources of funding that support the research or the article writing should be declared. The funding may support designing the study, data collection, data analysis, and data interpretation in writing the manuscript should be declared.
    5. Authors’ Contribution
      Please indicate the types of contributions the author has made. The types of contributions may include conceiving and designing the analysis, collecting the data, contributing data or analysis tools, performing the analysis, writing the papers, or other contributions.
    6. Authors’ Information
      Please provide details about the authors’ current positions in their institutions, authors’ qualifications, or any relevant background information (no more than 150 words each). Please mention the email of each author and ORCIDs if possible. Please be noted that this section should not be used to show any competing interest.
    References must comply with the American Psychological Association (APA) 6th edition citation style.

    Citations in the text
    Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Avoid citation in the abstract. Unpublished results and personal communications should not be in the reference list but may be mentioned in the text. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication, we require the citation by using Mendeley or Zotero system.

    Reference List
    References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary.

    Reference to a book and a book chapter: 

    Reference to a book

    Richards, J. C. (2015). Key Issues in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Reference to a book chapter

    Paolieri, D., Morales, L., & Bajo, T. (2017). Production in Bilingual and Multilingual Speakers. In E. M. Fernández & H. S. Cairns (Eds.), The Handbook of Psycholinguistics (pp. 82–110). New York: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

    Reference to a Journal Publication: 

    An article with doi number

    Mayuni, I., Leiliyanti, E., Palupi, T. M., Sitorus, M. L., & Chen, Y. (2022). Designing Literacy E-Coaching Model for English Language Teachers of Junior High Schools in Indonesia. TEFLIN Journal, 33(2), 310–329.

    An article with no doi number

    Nagy, T. (2016). English as a Lingua Franca and Its Implications for Teaching English as a Foreign Language. Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Philologica, 8(2), 155–166.

    Reference to a web source:

    Web source

    Gardner, H. (2016). Multiple Intelligences: What Does the Research Say? Retrieved March 14, 2023, from Edutopia website:

Other Important Guides

  • Arabic Romanization Guide
    All footnotes and bibliography written in Arabic should be transliterated as follows:

    Letters: btthjkhddhrzsshghfqlmnhwy.
    Short vowels: aiu.
    long vowels: āīū.
    Diphthongs: awayTā marbūṭāt.
    Article: al-.

    For detailed information on Arabic Romanization, please refer to the transliteration system of the Library of Congress (LC) Guidelines.


  • Subdivision of the article
    Divide your article into clearly defined sections. See the template.

  • Table and Figures
    Provide the table as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed within the relevant text in the article. Number tables consecutively following their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells.

    *The title of tables should be written first with ARIAL 10, single space, and after 6pt. Content of the tables should be written using ARIAL 9, single space, and the remarks of tables placed in the bottom with ARIAL 9, single space, and before 4pt.

    Ensure that each figure has a caption, and provide a caption separately (not attached to the figure. A caption should embody a brief title and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum and explain all symbols and abbreviations used.

    *Please make sure that the figures/ artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF (or JPEG), EPS (or PDF), or Microsoft Office files and with the correct resolution. All figures will appear in color (online) but in the printed version (all figures are grayscaled).
    *Please do not
    -Supply files in (GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG). These have a low number of pixels.
    -Supply files that are too low in resolution.
    -Supply files that are disproportionately large for the content.


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