An Analysis of Maxims Violation Acted by the Main Characters in the "Tilik" Short Film
The maxims violation often occurred intentionally or unintentionally in daily human conversation. This study analyzes the maxim violation in one of the Indonesian short films, 'Tilik,' in which Bu Tejo and Yu Ning were the main characters. This present study aims to describe the phenomena of maxim violation by the main characters. It is qualitative descriptive research. The technique used in collecting speech was the note-taking technique, and data were taken from the transcript of the main characters' utterances. Then, to analyze the maxim violation revealed in the short film, the researchers used the Cooperative Principles from Grice's theory, which has four kinds: quality, quantity, relevance, and manner. The findings indicated that the main characters carried out all four maxim types violations. The highest maxim violation found were the quantity and quality maxim. Some certain implicatures were contained when the main character of this short film reckoned to convey the implicit message, ensure the hearer, award astonishment, take for concern, and evade the problem. The study also exposed the rationales behind violating maxims, which helped create more straightforward communication and developing further explanations. Further studies can include more extensive data to obtain more robust findings.
Al Kayed, Murad, and Amal Kitishat. “The Violation of the Grice’s Maxims in Jordanian Newspapers’ Cartoons: A Pragmatic Study.” Journal of Linguistics and Literature 4, no. 4 (2015): 41–50.
Al-Qaderi, Issa, and Ahmed Alduais. “The Cooperative Principle in Political Discourse: Flouting Gricean Maxims in Modern Standard Arabic Political Speeches.” Research Result. Theoretical and Applied Linguistics 5, no. 3 (2019): 3–13. https://doi.org/10.18413/2313-8912-2019-5-3-0-1.
Andy, and Ambalegin. “Maxims Violation on ‘Night at the Museum’ Movie.” Journal Basis 6, no. 2 (2016): 215–24. http://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/1421.
Ayu, Anggita Dwi. “Grice Maxim Violation and Conflict-Resolution Construction in the Movie ‘Twilight Saga.’” Thesis, Universitas Mataram, 2015.
Claudia, Vinsca Sabrina, Ani Rakhmawati, and Budi Waluyo. “Prinsip Kesantunan Berdasarkan Maksim Leech dalam Kumpulan Naskah Drama Geng Toilet Karya Sosiawan Leak dan Relevansinya sebagai Bahan Ajar Teks Drama di Sekolah Menengah Atas.” Basastra: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya 6, no. 2 (2019): 179–90. https://doi.org/10.20961/basastra.v6i2.37705.
Cutting, Joan. Pragmatics and Discourse: A Resource Book for Students. London: Routledge, 2008.
Erlingsson, Christen, and Petra Brysiewicz. “A Hands-on Guide to Doing Content Analysis.” African Journal of Emergency Medicine 7, no. 3 (2017): 93–99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.afjem.2017.08.001.
Giriyani, Perni, and Efransyah Efransyah. “Flouting Maxims on the Dialogue of Character in UP! Animated Movie.” PROJECT (Professional Journal of English Education) 3, no. 4 (2020): 512–17. https://doi.org/10.22460/project.v3i4.p512-517.
Grice, H. Paul. “Logic and Conversation.” In Syntax and Semantics, Vol 3, Speech Acts, edited by Peter Cole and Jerry L. Morgan, 45–47. New York: Academic Press, 1975.
Hidayati, Niswatin Nurul. “Pelanggaran Maksim (Flouting Maxim) dalam Tuturan Tokoh Film Radio Galau FM: Sebuah Kajian Pragmatik.” An-Nas 2, no. 2 (2018): 248–63. https://doi.org/10.36840/an-nas.v2i2.108.
Iskandar. “Curi Perhatian Warganet, Ini Sosok Bu Tedjo di Film Pendek Tilik.” liputan6.com, August 21, 2020. https://www.liputan6.com/citizen6/read/4336538/curi-perhatian-warganet-ini-sosok-bu-tedjo-di-film-pendek-tilik.
Khosravizadeh, Parvaneh, and Nikan Sadehvandi. “Some Instances of Violation and Flouting of the Maxim of Quantity by the Main Characters (Barry & Tim) in Dinner for Schmucks.” In IPEDR, Vol. 26. Singapore: IACSIT Press, 2011.
Kurniati, Melinda, and Sharifah Hanidar. “The Flouting of the Gricean Maxims in the Movies Insidious and Insidious 2.” Lexicon 5, no. 1 (2018): 65–67. https://doi.org/10.22146/lexicon.v5i1.41282.
Leech, Geoffrey N. Principles of Pragmatics. London: Routledge, 2016.
Marlisa, Rofa, and Didin Nuruddin Hidayat. “The Analysis of Flouting Maxim in Good Morning America (GMA).” Englisia: Journal of Language, Education, and Humanities 7, no. 2 (2020): 132–42. https://doi.org/10.22373/ej.v7i2.6630.
Mey, Jacob L. Pragmatics: An Introduction. 2nd ed. New York: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009.
Mustikawati, Khoirunnisa. “The Violation of Conversational Maxims and Its Implicature in the Movie of Tomorrowland.” Thesis, Universitas Gadjah Mada, 2016.
Mustozu, Ilham. “Conversational Maxim as Seen in the King’s Speech Movie by Tom Hooper.” Thesis, UIN Sulthan Thaha Saifuddin Jambi, 2018.
Nugraheni, Yunita. “Implikatur Percakapan Tokoh Wanita dan Tokoh Laki-Laki dalam Film Harry Potterand The Goblet of Fire.” Lensa: Kajian Kebahasaan, Kesusastraan, dan Budaya 1, no. 2 (2011): 183–92.
Raharja, Ahmad Ulliyadhi Satria, and Alfin Rosyidha. “Maxim of Cooperative Principle Violation by Dodit Mulyanto in Stand-up Comedy Indonesia Season 4.” Journal of Pragmatics Research 1, no. 1 (2019): 62–77. https://doi.org/10.18326/jopr.v1i1.62-77.
Sembiring, Ester Hanna BR, and Imam Ghozali. “An Analysis of Maxims Flouting in ‘The Jungle Book’ Movie Script.” JELLT (Journal of English Language and Language Teaching) 1, no. 2 (2017): 33–39. https://doi.org/10.36597/jellt.v1i2.1869.
Sirbu, Anca. “The Significance of Language as a Tool of Communication.” In Engineering Communication - English for Science and Technology, 405–6. Constanta, Romania, 2015. https://doi.org/10.21279/1454-864X.
Thomas, Jenny. Meaning in Interaction: An Introduction to Pragmatics. London: Routledge, 1995.
Thomas, Jenny A. Meaning in Interaction: An Introduction to Pragmatics. London: Routledge, 2014.
Wahyudi, Abdi, Suhendra Yusuf, and Zubaedah Wiji Lestari. “Maxim’s Flouting: An Analysis of Classroom Interaction.” Journal of English Education and Teaching 4, no. 2 (2020): 219–31. https://doi.org/10.33369/jeet.4.2.219-231.
Yule, George. The Study of Language. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
The journal operates an Open Access policy under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.