The Acknowledgments in Student Theses: Eastern and Western Ideology

  • Agus Purnomo Ahmad Putikadyanto Indonesian Teaching Learning Program, Tarbiyah Faculty, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Madura, Pamekasan 69371
  • Fithriyah Rahmawati English Teaching Learning Program, Tarbiyah Faculty, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Madura, Pamekasan 69371
  • Asep Setiadi Faculty of Management Science, Silpakorn University, Petchaburi 76120
Abstract views: 157 , PDF downloads: 116
Keywords: Eastern ideology, Western ideology, Thesis acknowledgment, Critical discourse analysis


People's ideologies in various Western and Eastern countries influence language use, including acknowledgment writing. This qualitative study attempts to establish Eastern and Western ideologies in the acknowledgments of the student's final projects using a critical discourse approach. Eastern ideology was examined through 57 acknowledgments of student theses from eastern countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, and Singapore) written in Indonesian and English. In comparison, Western ideology was examined through 53 acknowledgments of student theses from western countries (United States of America, England, and Germany) written in English. The linguistic features of Fairclough and Santoso were used to reveal the Eastern and Western ideology found in the acknowledgments of students’ final projects. The findings revealed that the language used to acknowledge eastern ideology was rigid. In Muslim-majority countries, gratitude to God comes first, and there are expressions of gratitude to parents. Gratitude expressions found in some eastern countries were based on the hierarchy of positions. The Western ideology in the acknowledgment, on the other hand, can be seen in the use of more expressive languages. Moreover, the acknowledgment format is not rigid and is arranged according to the hierarchy of works' contributions. The findings also indicate that identity has an impact on language.


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How to Cite
Putikadyanto, A. P. A., Rahmawati, F., & Setiadi, A. (2022). The Acknowledgments in Student Theses: Eastern and Western Ideology. OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa Dan Sastra, 16(2), 245-265.