Linguistics Pattern on Acehnese Reduplicative System: Classifications and Meanings

  • Ika Apriani Fata English Education Department, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111
  • Bukhari Daud English Education Department, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111
  • Lussi Maunira English Education Department, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111
  • Eka Wahjuningsih English Education Department, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Jember, Jember 68121
Abstract views: 318 , PDF downloads: 387
Keywords: Linguistics pattern, Meaning, Reduplication, Acehnese language


The significance of reduplication in language studies was to construct a linguistics pattern. However, linguists tend to disregard the functions of individual creativity and the core language meaning-making approach at the discourse level. Therefore, we should investigate this intriguing topic more to describe the repetition of words. Many studies analyzed classification reduplication in Acehnese through documentation techniques, in contrast, this current study investigated classifications and meanings of reduplication in Acehnese through observation and interview. Sulaiman's paradigm as the framework stated that reduplication had three parts: complete, affix, and ablaut reduplication. In addition, the researchers used the Ali et al. framework, which suggested eight meanings of reduplication, mainly grammatical meanings. The findings revealed that full reduplication was the most common among the 100 data of utterances. Furthermore, the meanings of reduplications are to convey the collective and distributive meaning, to express resemblance, and to express simultaneously and continuously were not discovered. The current study looked at how people could use morphological perspectives on reduplication in community discussions. Acehnese reduplication may vanish.


Download data is not yet available.


Alderete, John, and Kayleigh MacMillan. “Reduplication in Hawaiian: Variations on a Theme of Minimal Word.” Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 33, no. 1 (2015): 1–45.

Berent, Iris, Outi Bat-El, Diane Brentari, Amanda Dupuis, and Vered Vaknin-Nusbaum. “The Double Identity of Linguistic Doubling.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113, no. 48 (2016): 13702–7.

Bernard, H. Russell. Research Methods in Anthropology: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. New York: Rowman Altamira, 2006.

Brainerd, C. J., M. Chang, D.M. Bialer, and Michael P. Toglia. “Semantic Ambiguity and Memory.” Journal of Memory and Language 121 (2021): 104286.

Chaer, Abdul. Morfologi Bahasa Indonesia: Pendekatan Proses (Morphology of Indonesian: Process Approach). Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 2008.

Dansieh, Solomon Ali. “The Pragmatics of Reduplication: Implications for Translating.” Journal of Pragmatics 43, no. 1 (2011): 164–74.

Dingemanse, Mark. “Ideophones and Reduplication: Depiction, Description, and the Interpretation of Repeated Talk in Discourse.” Studies in Language 39, no. 4 (2015): 946–70.

Dolatian, Hossep, and Jeffrey Heinz. “Modeling Reduplication with 2-Way Finite-State Transducers.” In The Fifteenth Workshop on Computational Research in Phonetics, Phonology, and Morphology, 66–77. Brussels, Belgium: The Special Interest Group on Computational Morphology and Phonology, 2018.

Durie, Mark. A Grammar of Acehnese on the Basis of a Dialect of North Aceh. Dordrecht: Foris Publications, 1985.

Ezard. Morfologi dan Sintaksis Bahasa Kaili. Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa, Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 2000.

Fata, Ika Apriani. “Veil or Evil? Spotlighting Women Portrayal through Semiotics Analysis.” Register Journal 11, no. 1 (2018): 19–26.

Fata, Ika Apriani, Yunisrina Qismullah Yusuf, Rahmat Kamal, and Ehsan Namaziandost. “The Characteristics of Linguistic Features Enfolded in Suicide Notes.” Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies 17, no. 2 (2021): 720–35.

Gay, Geneva. Culturally Responsive Teaching: Theory, Research, and Practice. New York: Teachers College Press, 2020.

Gnawali, Omprakash, Rodrigo Fonseca, Kyle Jamieson, Maria Kazandjieva, David Moss, and Philip Levis. “CTP: An Efficient, Robust, and Reliable Collection Tree Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks.” ACM Transactions on Sensor Networks 10, no. 1 (2013): 1-16.

Gonda, J. “The Functions of Word Duplication in Indonesian Languages.” Lingua 2 (1949): 170–97.

Hanoum, Ali Zaini, M. Adnan Hanafiah, and Budiman Sulaiman. Sistem Morfologi Kata Kerja Bahasa Aceh. Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa, Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 2004.

Harrison, S. P. “Reduplication in Micronesian Languages.” Oceanic Linguistics 12, no. 1/2 (1973): 407–54.

Issa, Saddam H. M., Maryam Eissa Bajiri, Khaled A. Z. Alyamani, and Abhishek B. P. “Lexical Semantic Activation in Bilinguals: Evidence Through Blocked Naming Task.” Linguistics and Culture Review 5, no. S1 (2021): 860–66.

Johnston, Ray. “Rationales for Reduplication: An Oceanic Case.” Paper presented to the 19th Annual Congress of the Linguistic Society of Australia, 1977.

Kalaga, Aleksandra. “The Semantics of Morphological Conversion in Old English.” Anglica. An International Journal of English Studies, no. 30/2 (2021): 33–52.

Kauffman, Charles A. Reduplication Reflects Uniqueness and Innovation in Language, Thought and Culture. New York: College of Pennsylvania, 2015.

Kentner, Gerrit. “On the Emergence of Reduplication in German Morphophonology.” Zeitschrift Für Sprachwissenschaft 36, no. 2 (2017): 233–77.

Kwon, Nahyun, and Shaoyun Yu. “Experimental Evidence for the Productivity of Total Reduplication in Japanese Ideophones and Ordinary Vocabulary.” Language Sciences 66 (2018): 166–82.

Larsen-Freeman, Diane, and Michael H. Long. An Introduction to Second Language Acquisition Research. London: Routledge, 2014.

Lewis, M. Paul, G. Frederick Reinhardt, and Charles D. Fennig. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. 9th ed. Dallas, Tex: SIL International, 2016.

Lǐ, Yuèyuán, and Dan Ponsford. “Predicative Reduplication: Functions, Their Relationships and Iconicities.” Linguistic Typology 22, no. 1 (2018): 51–117.

Lipták, Anikó, and Andrés Saab. “Hungarian Particle Reduplication as Local Doubling.” Acta Linguistica Academica 66, no. 4 (2019): 527–74.

Liu, Shuyuan, and Celeste Kinginger. “The Sociocultural Ontogenesis of International Students’ Use of Pragmatic Strategies in ELF Academic Communication: Two Contrasting Case Studies.” Journal of Pragmatics 186 (2021): 364–81.

Mansfield, John, Sabine Stoll, and Balthasar Bickel. “Category Clustering: A Probabilistic Bias in the Morphology of Verbal Agreement Marking.” Language 96, no. 2 (2020): 255–93.

Mosel, U. “Reduplication in Tolai and Tok Pisin.” Paper presented to the 12th Congress of the Linguistic Society of Papua New Guinea, 2008.

Muriithi, Gerald Njuki. “Morpho-Phonological Effects in Gikuyu Language Reduplication.” European Journal of Applied Linguistics Studies 3, no. 2 (2021): 79–97.

Mustafa, Faisal. “Patterns of Acehnese Reduplication in Early Literary Works.” OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra 16, no. 1 (2022): 51–71.

Neuman, M. Rethinking Borders. London: Routledge, 2014.

Rubino, Carl. “Reduplication: Form, Function and Distribution.” In Studies on Reduplication, edited by B. Hurch, 11–29. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2005.

Saldana, Carmen, Yohei Oseki, and Jennifer Culbertson. “Cross-Linguistic Patterns of Morpheme Order Reflect Cognitive Biases: An Experimental Study of Case and Number Morphology.” Journal of Memory and Language 118 (2021): 104204.

Salmani Nodoushan, Mohammad Ali. “Lexemes, Practs, and Those Who Have yet to Decide.” Linguistik Online 81, no. 2 (2017): 77-93.

Sidwell, Paul. Classifying the Austroasiatic Languages : History and State of the Art. München: Lincom, 2011.

Sulaiman, Budiman. Bahasa Aceh. Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa, 1999.

Taylor, A. J. “Reduplication and Negation in Indonesian.” In Miscellaneous Studies in Indonesian and Languages in Indonesia, edited by Soeporno Poedjosoedarrno, 1–14. NUSA Linguistic Studies in Indonesia and Languages in Indonesia. Jakarta: Badan Penyelenggara Seri NUSA, 2012.

Tommerdahl, Jodi, and Cynthia D Kilpatrick. “The Reliability of Morphological Analyses in Language Samples.” Language Testing 31, no. 1 (2014): 3–18.

Vihman, Virve-Anneli. “Language Interaction in Emergent Grammars: Morphology and Word Order in Bilingual Children’s Code-Switching.” Languages 3, no. 4 (2018): 1–23.

Weijer, Jeroen van de, and Firdos Atta. “A Unified Analysis of Two Reduplication Processes in Saraiki.” Acta Linguistica Academica 67, no. 3 (2020): 370–82.

Whitehead, Toby L. Basic Classical Ethnographic Research Methods. College Park: University of Maryland, 2015.

Yeboah, Samuel, Emmanuel Amo Ofori, and Kofi Busia Abrefa. “A Morphological Analysis of Akan Honorific and Title Names for God.” Theory and Practice in Language Studies 11, no. 11 (2021): 1371–83.

Zukoff, Sam. “The Reduplicative System of Ancient Greek and a New Analysis of Attic Reduplication.” Linguistic Inquiry 48, no. 3 (2017): 459–97.

How to Cite
Fata, I. A., Daud, B., Maunira, L., & Wahjuningsih, E. (2022). Linguistics Pattern on Acehnese Reduplicative System: Classifications and Meanings. OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa Dan Sastra, 16(2), 195-214.