Leftist Narratives in Tempo Books: Van Dijk’s Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) Perspective

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Keywords: Leftists, Critical Discourse Analysis

Abstract

The text in a narrative has hidden meanings. It is necessary to dismantle and reconstruct the new meanings using critical discourse analysis (CDA). Related to that, this study aims to explore leftist narratives in Indonesia as contained in two books published by Tempo through van Dijk’s perspective of critical discourse analysis (CDA). This study used a descriptive-interpretative method which refers to CDA. The results reveal: First, the structure of the topic’s discourse raises the subject that Tempo is on the leftist side through diction, which depicts them as religious, kind, diligent, intelligent, and having a strong sense of nationalism. Microstructurally, in terms of setting, the leftists are those who were close to Sukarno, often recited the Quran (Muslims), repeatedly discussed with the public, and defended them. While in terms of graphics, Tempo books tend to be printed in red, symbolizing communism. Second, social cognition reporting in Tempo tends to side with the PKI and criticize Suharto concerning the G30S/PKI Movement. The two books reveal the ideological conflict between communism (Russia and China) and capitalism/colonialism (the United States and its allies). Third, from the aspect of context, leftists are innocent people and are the only victims of the regime in power.

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Author Biographies

Anas Ahmadi, Indonesian Language and Literature, Faculty of Language and Art, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Surabaya 60213

ANAS AHMADI, Lecturer in Indonesian Language and Literature, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia. Concern on research in the fields of language, literature, and culture. Scopus ID: 57201349400.

Abd. Ghofur, English Teaching Learning Program, Faculty of Tarbiyah, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Madura, Pamekasan 69371

ABD. GHOFUR, Lecturer in English Language and Literature, Faculty of Tarbiyah, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Madura, Pamekasan, Indonesia. Concern on research in the fields of languages, language teaching, and social science.

Moh. Hafid Effendy, Indonesian Teaching Learning Program, Faculty of Tarbiyah, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Madura, Pamekasan 69371

MOH. HAFID EFFENDY, Lecturer in Indonesian Language and Literature, Faculty of Tarbiyah, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Madura, Pamekasan, Indonesia. Concern on research in the fields of language, literature, and culture.

Nike Kusumawati, Institute of China and Asia Pacific Studies National Sun-Yat Sen University, 804201

NIKE KUSUMAWATI, a doctoral candidate at the Institute of China and Asia Pacific Studies National Sun-Yat Sen University, Taiwan.

Nuria Reny Hariyati, Akademi Farmasi Surabaya, Surabaya 60232

NURIA RENY HARIYATI, a doctoral candidate in Universitas Negeri Surabaya and Lecturer I Akademi Farmasi Surabaya, Indonesia

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Published
2023-05-29
How to Cite
Ahmadi, A., Ghofur, A., Effendy, M. H., Kusumawati, N., & Hariyati, N. R. (2023). Leftist Narratives in Tempo Books: Van Dijk’s Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) Perspective: . OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa Dan Sastra, 17(1), 32-50. https://doi.org/10.19105/ojbs.v17i1.8260