About the Journal

This journal accepts contributions in the fields of linguistics, literature, and teaching from various perspectives, for example: Indonesian teaching and learning; language and literature in education; literature.

Publication Frequency
The publication schedule for this journal is January and July

Open Access Policy
This journal provides open access to all parties regarding global scientific development.

Publication Ethics
Publication of an article in GHÂNCARAN: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia, reviewed by competent journal peer-reviewers with the focus and scope of the journal. GHÂNCARAN: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia is available in print and online. This journal is published twice a year, namely in January and July. The manuscripts reviewed support and embody the scientific method. It is, therefore, essential to agree on expected standards of ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: authors, journal editors, reviewers, publishers, and the public.

Publication decisions
The editor of GHÂNCARAN: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia is responsible for deciding which articles submitted to the journal should be published. The validity of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers should always drive the decision. Editors may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and limited by applicable legal requirements regarding defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editor can consult with other editors or reviewers (peer-reviewers) in making this decision.

Fair Play
When evaluating manuscripts for intellectual content, editors ignore the race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, nationality, or ideology of the author.

The editor and any editorial staff may not disclose any information about the submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, peer-reviewers, potential peer-reviewers, or authorized editorial advisors.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest
Unpublished material disclosed in a submitted manuscript may not be used in the editor's own research without the author's written consent.

Reviewer Duties
Contribution to Editorial Decisions
Peer-reviewers assist editors in making editorial decisions and, through editorial communication with authors, can also assist authors in improving manuscripts.

Review Process Durations
Any selected peer-reviewer who feels unqualified to review the manuscript and cannot do so promptly should notify the editor and withdraw from the review process. The time allocation required for peer reviewers to review a manuscript is around 3 to 4 weeks.

Any manuscript received for review must be treated as a confidential document. Reviewers may not show or discuss with others unless permitted by the editor.

Objectivity Standards
The review must be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is not permitted. Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Reference Recognition
Reviewers should identify relevant published work that the author has not cited. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument has been reported previously should be accompanied by relevant citations. Reviewers should also request the editor's consideration of substantial similarities or overlaps between the manuscript being reviewed and other published manuscripts of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
Information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Peer reviewers should not consider manuscripts with a conflict of interest arising from competition, collaboration, or other relationships or connections with any author, agency, or institution connected to the manuscript.

Writer's Duties
Reporting standards
The author of an original research report must present an accurate account of the work performed and an objective discussion of its meaning. The underlying data must be represented accurately in the manuscript. A manuscript must contain sufficient detail and references to allow others to replicate the work. Intentionally false or inaccurate statements are unethical and unacceptable.

Originality and Plagiarism
Authors should ensure that they have written entirely original work and that if authors quote the work and words of others, they have been appropriately cited. This journal uses Turnitin as a tool to check originality and plagiarism in a manuscript. Ghancaran: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia sets a maximum standard for manuscript similarity of 25%.

Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publication
An author may not generally publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal simultaneously is unethical and unacceptable publishing behavior.

Source Awards
Proper credit for the work of others should always be given. Authors must cite publications that influenced the work produced.

Authorship of Works
Authorship should be limited to those who have contributed significantly to the conception, design, conduct, or interpretation of the research being reported. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where others have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The primary author must ensure that all contributors are appropriate, that no inappropriate authors are included in the manuscript, and that all authors have agreed to see and approve the final version of the manuscript and have approved its submission for publication.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
All authors in their manuscripts must disclose funding sources or other substantive conflicts of interest that might be construed as influencing the results or interpretation of the manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project must be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published work
When an author discovers significant errors or inaccuracies in his self-published work, the author should immediately notify the journal editor or publisher and work with the editor to retract or correct the manuscript. If, one day, there is something that the author deliberately covers up, then this becomes the author's responsibility.

Peer Review Process
The journal follows a double-blind peer-review policy. Manuscripts are sent to reviewers (experts in each field) for review by considering journal guidelines and features of quality research manuscripts. For manuscripts requiring changes, the same reviewers will be used to ensure that the quality of the revised writing is acceptable. The journal follows the systematic review and publication policy:
Step 1: Submitted manuscripts are acknowledged within 12-24 hours of receipt.
Step 2: The manuscript is sent to reviewers. The review process takes a maximum of three weeks.
Step 3: The review report is collected from the reviewers, and the executive editor will send the review report to the author, including all terms and conditions of publication.
Step 4: If the manuscript is accepted with corrections, the executive editor will send a review report to the author/authors concerned, including a formal request to correct the manuscript within seven days, according to the reviewer's suggestions. The author will send the corrected manuscript to the same paper reviewers for confirmation. If the reviewer returns the manuscript, it is said that the paper was finally rejected. The journal will not proceed with the paper. However, in minor changes, the editorial board may consider the manuscript for further modification.
Step 5: Received manuscripts will be processed for publication (soft copy) after completing the journal terms and conditions.
Step 6: Proof Reading. The executive editor will send the manuscript processed for publication (MS Word) to the corresponding author/authors for proofreading.
Step 7: This manuscript is published online first. The executive editor will notify the corresponding author of the online publication with the required download link. The corresponding author may request corrections in the published manuscript (if there are critical changes) within one week of online publication.
Step 8: The journal is published in print within three to four weeks of online publication.

Manuscripts must be written in Indonesian or English, have never been published or are not in the process of being submitted for publication to a journal or other media, and do not contain elements of plagiarism. Manuscripts can be research results. Authors must register/log in as authors. Guidelines for registering and submitting manuscripts/papers are at the bottom. The manuscript will be published in Ghancaran: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia after being reviewed by peer-reviewers. Manuscripts must be 4,000-8,000 words. Manuscripts should be prepared according to the following author's guidelines and templates. Writing templates can be downloaded on the journal's front page.

1. Title
In creating an article title, it should fulfill the following things: (1) informative and comprehensive, (2) reflects the content of the article, (2) can attract attention, (3) contains the variables studied or keywords that describe the problem being discussed, and (4) be brief and a maximum of 12 words. To generate engaging titles, the authors can select the following ways: (1) choose words that immediately offer answers or at least touch on problems that have not been answered in the past and still cause controversy, and (2) use novel information. The news value of a scientific article is new information about an important topic or one currently being discussed by the media, and (3) the title should be at most 12 words if written in Indonesian and ten words if written in English.

2. Author's name and description
The author's name is included without an academic title or rank. The author's name is accompanied by a statement of the author's home institution, the institution's address, and an email or telephone number for correspondence purposes. If a team writes the article, the primary author is listed first.

3. Abstract (Abstract)
An abstract contains a concise and concise statement of the most essential ideas. The abstract contains a comprehensive summary of an article's essence, including a description of the research problem, research objectives, research methods used, and research results. Abstracts are written in English and Indonesian with a maximum of 200 words. Abstracts can also make it easier for readers to skim and scan.

4. Keywords
Keywords are specific words or terminology in the scientific field discussed in the article. Keywords describe the problem domain being researched and technical terms related to the research being reported. Keywords can be taken from the research title or from the article's body (which reflects the domain of the problem being researched) in approximately 3-7 words and separated by a semicolon (;). The keyword function is used for filling, searching, grouping, and documentation.

5. Introduction 
The Introduction section contains, among other things, (1) the research problem, which includes a description of the problem or reason for the research (background), a logical statement that leads to the hypothesis or central theme; (2) how to approach or solve problems; (3) research objectives; (4) a summary of theoretical studies related to the research problem and supporting the research; (5) relevant studies; (6) research gaps; (7) expected results, and (8) contribution or benefits of research. It is best to use up-to-date and relevant references (the last ten years) when writing theoretical studies unless references come from parent books/baboons. The entire introductory section is presented in an integrated manner in the form of paragraphs, with a length of approximately 15-20% of the total length of the text.

6. Method 
This section contains how the research was conducted. This section contains elements including (1) research plan or design; (2) research targets (population, sample, subjects, research objects, data, and data sources); (3) development of instruments and data collection techniques; and (4) data analysis techniques. This section is written as 10-15%. The sub-section format can be written in essay format and combined with charts, schemes, and tables supporting research methods.

7. Results and Discussion
Research Results, or usually just written "Results," are the central part of the research. This section contains the data analysis results and an explanation or description. The research results do not contain hypothesis testing and the use of statistics. The use of tables and graphs can assist in the submission of research results. Graphs and tables should be discussed in the body of the article rather than in a detailed discussion one by one. If the presentation is relatively long, the results can be divided into several sub-sections. This discussion section contains a review or meaning of the results and a comparison with theory and similar research results. The discussion contains answers to research questions and shows how the findings were obtained, interpreting the findings, linking research findings with established knowledge structures, and generating new theories or modifications of existing theories. The discussion becomes more important if the research findings differ from theories acknowledged as valid. The length of this section is approximately 40-60% of the length of the article.

8. Closing or Conclusion
The closing or conclusion presents a summary and confirmation of the author regarding the research findings in the form of answers to research questions or the essence of the research results and discussion. The conclusion is presented in paragraph form rather than in numerical form.

9. Reference List
Reference lists, often called bibliographies, are written using general guidelines for article writers. Several guidelines must be adhered to in making a reference list: (1) only those that are referred to in the article should be included in the reference list, and (2) everything that is referred to in the article must be included in the reference list. It is recommended that the reference list be sourced from relevant and up-to-date journal articles (minimum 10). To understand more about research articles, you can see several examples of accredited journals (see attachment). Citations use APA 6th edition style. Authors are advised to use the Mendeley or Zotero applications.