Publication Ethic

Publication Ethics
Publication of an article in GHÂNCARAN: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia, reviewed by competent journal peer-reviewers with the focus and scope of the journal. GHÂNCARAN: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia is available in print and online. This journal is published twice a year, namely in January and July. The manuscripts reviewed support and embody the scientific method. It is, therefore, essential to agree on expected standards of ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: authors, journal editors, reviewers, publishers, and the public.

Publication decisions
The editor of GHÂNCARAN: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia is responsible for deciding which articles submitted to the journal should be published. The validity of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers should always drive the decision. Editors may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and limited by applicable legal requirements regarding defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editor can consult with other editors or reviewers (peer-reviewers) in making this decision.

Fair Play
When evaluating manuscripts for intellectual content, editors ignore the race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, nationality, or ideology of the author.

The editor and any editorial staff may not disclose any information about the submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, peer-reviewers, potential peer-reviewers, or authorized editorial advisors.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest
Unpublished material disclosed in a submitted manuscript may not be used in the editor's own research without the author's written consent.

Reviewer Duties
Contribution to Editorial Decisions
Peer-reviewers assist editors in making editorial decisions and, through editorial communication with authors, can also assist authors in improving manuscripts.

Review Process Durations
Any selected peer-reviewer who feels unqualified to review the manuscript and cannot do so promptly should notify the editor and withdraw from the review process. The time allocation required for peer reviewers to review a manuscript is around 3 to 4 weeks.

Any manuscript received for review must be treated as a confidential document. Reviewers may not show or discuss with others unless permitted by the editor.

Objectivity Standards
The review must be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is not permitted. Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Reference Recognition
Reviewers should identify relevant published work that the author has not cited. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument has been reported previously should be accompanied by relevant citations. Reviewers should also request the editor's consideration of substantial similarities or overlaps between the manuscript being reviewed and other published manuscripts of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
Information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Peer reviewers should not consider manuscripts with a conflict of interest arising from competition, collaboration, or other relationships or connections with any author, agency, or institution connected to the manuscript.

Writer's Duties
Reporting standards
The author of an original research report must present an accurate account of the work performed and an objective discussion of its meaning. The underlying data must be represented accurately in the manuscript. A manuscript must contain sufficient detail and references to allow others to replicate the work. Intentionally false or inaccurate statements are unethical and unacceptable.

Originality and Plagiarism
Authors should ensure that they have written entirely original work and that if authors quote the work and words of others, they have been appropriately cited. This journal uses Turnitin as a tool to check originality and plagiarism in a manuscript. Ghancaran: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia sets a maximum standard for manuscript similarity of 25%.

Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publication
An author may not generally publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal simultaneously is unethical and unacceptable publishing behavior.

Source Awards
Proper credit for the work of others should always be given. Authors must cite publications that influenced the work produced.

Authorship of Works
Authorship should be limited to those who have contributed significantly to the conception, design, conduct, or interpretation of the research being reported. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where others have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The primary author must ensure that all contributors are appropriate, that no inappropriate authors are included in the manuscript, and that all authors have agreed to see and approve the final version of the manuscript and have approved its submission for publication.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
All authors in their manuscripts must disclose funding sources or other substantive conflicts of interest that might be construed as influencing the results or interpretation of the manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project must be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published work
When an author discovers significant errors or inaccuracies in his self-published work, the author should immediately notify the journal editor or publisher and work with the editor to retract or correct the manuscript. If, one day, there is something that the author deliberately covers up, then this becomes the author's responsibility.